Pear "Severyanka" is one of the most popular and popular varieties of the breeder P. N. Yakovlev known to many gardeners in our country. This early summer variety was bred at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants named after Michurin. As a parental pair, the varieties Koperechka No. 12 and Lyubimitsa Klappa were involved. The variety was quite widespread in horticultural farms of the Volga-Vyatka, Middle Volga, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
Description and main characteristics of the variety
The variety belongs to the category of early-growing and enters fruiting in the third year after planting. The summer pear "Severyanka" forms medium-sized trees with a broad and pyramidal crown, as well as medium density. Branches extend from the stem almost at right angles. The bark staining on the stem and skeletal branches is grayish. The bark is smooth. The fruiting type is mixed.
Fruits are relatively small in size, truncated-conical in shape, with pronounced non-uniformity. Staining at the stage of removable maturity is greenish yellow with a slight tan. At the stage of consumer maturity, the coloration changes to pronounced yellow with a slight green and a dim blush. Seeds of large sizes, a few, dark brown.
The flesh is cream-colored, juicy, with a medium density consistency. The taste is sour-sweet, without pronounced astringency, with a slight aroma. Removable maturity occurs at the end of the first decade of August. Consumer period no more than two weeks.
How to grow a pear in the middle lane
Features of planting seedlings
Pear "Severyanka" in the southern regions is planted both at the annual and at the age of two. When cultivating varieties in the more northern regions and central Russia, planting with two-year-old seedlings is recommended.
Soil preparation at the site for laying pear plantations must be carried out in the same way as when planting apple orchards.
Clay and loamy soils are among the most suitable soils for growing pears. Trees grow poorly and develop on light sandy soils. The soil at the site for planting pear seedlings should be sufficiently loose, which will ensure optimal air circulation.
Planting fruit seedlings is carried out according to the following requirements:
- planting pears in the spring is necessary before the onset of active processes of juice exchange in fruit plants;
- a pit of standard sizes for planting such a fruit crop - 70 x 70 cm - it is desirable to prepare in the fall;
- three pails of humus, a pair of buckets of sand and a glass of granular superphosphate should be placed in the pit, and then a layer of fertile soil should be poured;
- the root system of the pear seedling should be freely placed in the planting pit without bends and creases of the roots.
After planting, the plant should be abundantly watered and fixed on a wooden peg. It is advisable to mulch the soil in trunk circles. Peat is recommended as a mulch.
Basic plant care
Variety "Severyanka" needs competent and timely care. Pear trees are not very dependent on watering, however, in hot weather, it is recommended to moisten the soil abundantly in fruit plantations. Particular attention should be paid to watering during a period of intensive growth, as well as at the stage of active fruit loading. In such phases of development, the average water consumption for each productive plant should be at least twenty buckets.
It is very important to carry out the correct pruning of the plant crown. A well-formed crown becomes a guarantee of longevity and abundant fruiting of a pear tree. In order to ensure the full growth and development of the pear, the formation must begin from the second year of plant life. The most popular method of forming the crown of a pear of the Severyanka variety is to carry out a low-level pruning, as a result of which skeletal branches extending from the stem are arranged in tiers with a distance of 50 cm from each other.
The complex of standard measures for the care of pear trees necessarily includes annual spraying, which are aimed at the prevention of diseases and the destruction of plant parasites. Also important are the systematic top dressing of fruit trees and the competent preparation of the plant for winter.
Reviews of gardeners and gardeners about the variety "Severyanka" are generally positive, but such a pear in recent years is becoming less common in new fruit plantings, which is due to the appearance on the horticultural market of newer and more promising varieties. In addition, the "Severyanka" has tangible drawbacks: the strong crumbling of fruits during ripening, their small size and not the best taste.
How to choose the right pear variety
According to many gardeners, a very promising summer pear variety "Severyanka" has become a very promising summer variety of breeder S. P. Yakovlev called "Severyanka Krasnoshcheka." The new variety is of particular interest for home gardening in the middle lane of our country and compares favorably with high winter hardiness, self-fertility, large-fruited, as well as resistance to scab, septoria and spotting.