Strawberries, or garden strawberries, called "Marshal" is one of the most productive varieties of medium-term ripening. The description of the variety characterizes the berry as large and aromatic, almost unrivaled in taste. A feature of the variety is its excellent adaptation to many soil and climatic conditions in the region of berry production.
Botanical grade description
Marshall, a popular strawberry variety, was obtained by American breeders. and for quite some time it has been very successfully grown in many countries. Strawberry bushes are quite large. The leaves are quite large, dense, light green in color.
Peduncles of this berry culture are long and erect. They slightly rise above the leaves. The plant is powerful enough, which implies strict adherence to the planting scheme in the conditions of home gardening.
Strawberry "Marshal" forms large berries of bright red color. The surface of the berry is very attractive, with a pronounced sheen. The average weight of marketable berries can be 45–65 g or more. For a fully ripened berry, a conical shape is characteristic. The ripe pulp has a moderate density and a sweet, slightly sour taste.
In the section, the pulp is juicy, light red in color, without the presence of internal voids and cavities. Good commercial characteristics and high market value of the harvest are due to external attractiveness. However, the variety cannot be attributed to the category of varieties with good indicators of transportability.
When choosing a site for growing garden strawberries, it should be borne in mind that this berry crop is best placed in places with the most favorable water-air regime of the soil. Strawberry is a sunflower culture. For ridges, a well-lit and sun-heated area with a flat surface is best suited.
This berry culture should not be planted on the steep southern slopes, where in the spring there is rapid melting of snow mass. The level of groundwater should be about 60-100 cm from the surface. The permeability of the subsoil should be optimal.
Strawberry Marshal: Harvest
In order to increase the yield and improve the quality indicators of the berries when growing on peat soils before planting, deep digging should be done with the addition of rotted manure (at the rate of 6 kg per square meter) and sand (at the rate of 10 kg per square meter). The presence of clay soil involves the addition of compost or rotted manure at the rate of 10 kg per square meter, half-ripened sawdust at the rate of 5 kg and sand in the amount of 12 kg per square meter.
Most often, gardeners use a single-line planting, assuming a row spacing of at least 60–80 cm. The standard row spacing between plants is about 30 cm. Two-line planting of a berry culture is equally popular, with a row spacing of 60–80 cm, between rows in each row 30–35 cm, between berry bushes in the same row, 25–30 cm.
In spring and autumn, it is recommended to give preference to a single-line landing. This feature is due to slight fruiting in the first year, as well as the formation of a significant number of whiskers, which are used to seal the rows. If there is enough seedling material, it is not recommended to leave a mustache. Their pruning is carried out regularly, as they appear on berry plants.
It is better to plant strawberries in early spring, as planting in the autumn can significantly reduce the yield of the Marshal variety. In spring, strawberry seedlings should be planted as early as possible, and in the fall, planting is carried out no later than two weeks before the onset of severe frost.
When growing strawberries of the Marshal variety, the following agricultural practices should be followed:
- The best predecessors for garden strawberries are: radishes, lettuce, spinach, dill, legumes, mustard, radish, parsley, turnip, carrots, onions, garlic and celery;
- Strawberry grows very well and abundantly bears fruit in the ridges after tulips, daffodils and marigolds;
- on rather poor soils, it is recommended to grow garden strawberries after mustard and phacelia;
- it is not recommended to place strawberry ridges in areas after growing potatoes, tomato and other nightshade crops, as well as cucumbers;
- watering of berry culture begins in the first half of May, when the strawberries start growing, and continue until the last decade of September;
- irrigation measures are carried out in the morning or evening, directly under the root of the plant;
- garden strawberries must be fed periodically to obtain good plant growth and high-quality, high yield;
- supporters of organic farming recommend using slurry, bird droppings, wood ash, and grass or nettle infusions for top dressing.
It is necessary to prevent diseases and pests and to remove mustaches that are not intended for propagation of berry culture in a timely manner.
Tips and reviews of gardeners
Strawberries "Marshal" is very loved by gardeners, since even the seedlings themselves often look very attractive and are characterized by large green leaves and a powerful root system.
According to most gardeners who have cultivated this variety for quite some time, its main “plus” is that the Marshall strawberry has excellent frost resistance, which can reach −30 ° C in conditions of light shelter.
Strawberries: variety selection
The variety compares favorably with stable yield and drought tolerance. Significant bumping allows you to propagate this variety yourself without any problems.