Actinidia in the Moscow region has long ceased to be an exotic culture, which, with proper care, is capable of long-term and quite plentiful fruiting. The adult Actinidia plant is very decorative and able to become a worthy landscape decoration of a personal garden or garden plot.
Grade Selection Rules
Actinidia hails from Southeast Asia, so the vine is demanding on lighting and heat. Nevertheless, there are varieties that are well adapted to the rather complex soil and climatic conditions of the Moscow region. Most popular the best varieties and varieties of Actinidia combine good resistance to low temperatures and unpretentiousness.
Southern subtropical plants need less nutritional area than other berry shrubs and especially fruit trees, the most common in home gardening, which makes their cultivation relevant for small garden plots. When choosing a variety, preference should be given to regionalized, adapted to the weather conditions of the Moscow region varieties, care for which is not difficult even for beginners and inexperienced gardeners.
Actinidia: planting and care
It should be remembered that the variety of the argument has less frost resistance than the type of colomict, and requires shelter of branches for the winter period. That argument is the most productive species of the genus Actinidia, and the yield of each adult plant can reach 45-50 kg of ripe berries. Therefore, planting even one plant is able to provide the whole family with berries. For a cool climate near Moscow, not only colomict actinidia is good, but acute actinidia, which has sufficient stamina.
The best varieties for the Moscow region Argut and Colomict
The greatest number of positive reviews of gardeners near Moscow receives a variety of colomict. Such varieties perfectly take root on the north and north-west sides of the buildings and annually form several kilograms of delicious berries. Active fruiting can be 40 years or more.
|Grade name||Fruit Description||Ripening period||Grade Advantages|
|Waffle||Cylindrical, 2.5-3.5 cm, 2.55-3.55 g, smooth, with translucent and thin skin, olive green, sweet and sour, aromatic||Mid august||High productivity and early maturity.|
|"Grape"||Oval, 2.1–2.3 cm, 2–2.25 g, with translucent and thin skin, olive green with light stripes, sour-sweet, with apple flavor||The first of August||High productivity, early ripening|
|"Far Eastern"||Cylindrical, slightly compressed laterally, 2.2–2.4 cm, up to 2.25 g, dark olive, smooth, thin-skinned, sweet, with strawberry aroma||The first of August||Early ripening, increased ascorbic acid, good productivity|
|Abundant||Cylindrical, slightly laterally compressed, 2.55–2.75 cm, up to 3–3.65 g, smooth or ribbed, yellowish-green with light stripes, sour-sweet, with pineapple aroma||The first of August||Early ripening, good productivity|
|"Graceful"||Cylindrical, up to 2.65-2.85 cm, up to 4.25 g, smooth or finned, olive green with a blush, sweet and sour, with pineapple aroma||Mid august||Increased amount of ascorbic acid, good productivity, large-fruited and decorative|
|Gourmet||Cylindrical, laterally compressed, 3.1–3.2 cm, up to 5.25 g, olive green with light stripes, thin-skinned, smooth, sweet and sour, with pineapple aroma||Mid august||Increased amount of ascorbic acid, good productivity, large-fruited|
|"Coin"||Oval-elongated, up to 2.5 cm, up to 3.55-3.75 g, olive green, smooth or finned, sour-sweet, with a pronounced pineapple aroma||The first of August||Early ripe and productive variety|
Rules for planting actinidia (photo)
Currently, planting actinidia requires compliance with several very important rules:
- the standard distance from the fence or structure to the landing pit should not be less than 0.7-0.8 m;
- planting actinidia colomict should be done in the early spring, since autumn planting is most often complicated by freezing of immature plants;
- for the root system to receive a full-fledged formation, it is necessary in the first two months to provide the vines with high-quality and competent care;
- the average distance between the planted berry vines should not be less than one and a half meters;
- the standard depth of the landing hole should be 0.5-0.7 m in the presence of a drainage layer at the bottom of 0.40-0.45 m.
Immediately before preparing the planting pits, you should dig the site as carefully as possible and remove all weed vegetation. A drainage based on brick battle or river pebbles is laid in the landing pits, and then 20–25 cm of fertile soil is added with the addition of mineral fertilizers.
For each seedling, it is recommended to spend 1 bucket of organic compost with the addition of 180-200 g of superphosphate, 20 g of calcium chloride, 500 ml of wood ash and 50 g of nitrogen-containing fertilizers. When digging, it is necessary to add about 1 bucket per square meter of sand screening when digging.
Proper care of the perennial woody deciduous vine of the family Actinidia ceae Hutch includes the following activities:
- immediately after planting, watering is carried out at the rate of 5-7 liters per bush;
- further irrigation measures involve moistening the soil to a depth of the root system;
- a good result is given by morning or evening sprinkling from a hose with a diffuser of a water stream;
- for the purpose of plant nutrition, spring and autumn fertilizers are used;
- fertilizers in the form of ammonium nitrate, double superphosphate and potassium salt are used in the spring;
- in the fall, in mid-September, top dressing should be applied in the form of superphosphate and potassium salt, without the addition of chlorine.
- creepers need the installation of supporting structures, which can be represented by trellises or frames.
- supporting structures should be oriented in the direction from east to west, provided that the plant is planted on the south side;
- pruning is performed in the autumn period, immediately after active leaf fall and involves the formation of a plant in the form of a fan or comb.
It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the site and systematically carry out the removal of weeds with subsequent shallow loosening.
Gardeners reviews and tips
According to experienced gardeners, actinidia feel best on fertile, deeply drained loamy or sod-podzolic soils with a powerful humus horizon. Lianas grow very well and perfectly develop on soils with acidic and slightly acidic reactions at a pH level of 5-6.
Actinidia: plant characteristics
You can not grow actinidia in swimming clay areas, where rotting of the root system is often observed. For growing in central Russia, including the Moscow region, the most suitable is colomict, as the most unpretentious and frost-resistant species of actinidia.