Blackberries in Ukraine are grown quite actively. The best blackberry varieties and their characteristics make it possible to choose the most optimal variant of berry culture for growing in the soil and climatic conditions of the country.
Crop varieties and their characteristics
Blackberry, or Ukrainian-style supper, grows almost throughout the country and Zaporozhye, including forests, forest belts, swamps and inconveniences.
In the conditions of home gardening, the most resistant to weather conditions, undemanding in care, and fruitful modern varieties of domestic and foreign selection were widely used. Currently, more than three hundred varieties of blackberries are known, differing in terms of ripening, shape and color of ripe berries, indicators of resistance to diseases and pests, the main characteristics of shoots and leaves.
Blackberry: Variety of Varieties
Ukrainian gardeners often prefer the best late varieties, the berries of which fully ripen in the last decade of summer, and harvesting continues until the last days of September.
|Grade name||Bush description||Berry characteristic||Selection||Disadvantages and advantages|
|"Arapaho", or Arapaho||The presence of vertical spikeless shoots of medium growth and a length of more than one and a half meters||Fruits are large, weighing up to 4.5−5.5 g, black, with a glossy surface, sweet taste||American breeding||In the south of Ukraine can be grown without shelter for the winter|
|Guy, or Gaj||The plant is vigorous, with powerful and well-developed shoots.||Berries weighing 7.2 g, elongated, with a shiny black surface, sweet and sour taste||Polish selection||Excellent commercial and manufacturing qualities|
|"Asterina", or Asterina||The plant is powerful, but compact, with vertical shoots, without thorns||Large-sized fruits with excellent sweet taste and pronounced aroma||Polish selection||Long and plentiful fruiting|
|Jumbo, or Jumbo||The growth force of straight shoots is large, the aerial part is unshipable||Very large, weighing up to 22-24 g, with very sweet and juicy pulp||French breeding||Harvest transportable. Thickened fit allowed|
|Black Satin, or Black Satin||Perennial berryless plant with thick and powerful shoots||Black, shiny, sweet and sour berries have a pronounced blackberry flavor||American breeding||Great for growing in shaded areas|
Optimal conditions for growing
Experienced gardeners recommend purchasing planting material in the nursery, where berry seedlings fully comply with varietal characteristics. For the normal development and growth of blackberries, the landing area should be represented by soil with good moisture capacity and water permeability. The best planting dates are early autumn or early spring, before the active vegetation of the berry culture begins.
The plant is unpretentious and able to grow well on a variety of soils in composition. Carbonate and saline soils, on which the plant may be affected by chlorosis, are not suitable for growing a berry culture. The highest yields are recorded on fertile and well-drained loams without signs of waterlogging. Correct planting of berry crops is the key to obtaining long-term and abundant fruiting plantations.
Planting a blackberry is best in the early spring. Landing pits should be prepared well in advance.. The standard dimensions of the planting pit should be approximately 40x40x40 cm, but may vary depending on the size of the root system of the planted berry seedling. Before planting, in each planting pit you need to make half a bucket of well-rotted manure with the addition of 100-150 g of superphosphate and 40-50 g of potash fertilizers mixed with horse soil, which will insure the root system of the plant from burns.
When preparing planting pits for straight-growing blackberries, you should adhere to the standard distance (between seedlings about 0.8–1 m, and between rows 1.8–2 m). If it is supposed to carry out fan formation of berry bushes, the distance between the planting pits should be at least 2.5-3.5 m. Blackberry does not need thorough or special soil preparation. After continuous plowing to a depth of 25-30 cm, the root system of the plant is placed in the prepared planting pits, which is sprinkled with fertile soil so that there are no voids. Then abundant watering is carried out, and, if necessary, mulching the soil in near-stem circles with organic matter.
When growing a blackberry, one should take into account the varietal features of the berry culture, depending on which the technology of care can vary:
- Creeping varieties they have long, creeping shoots and are abundantly covered with powerful spikes that complicate care. However, such varieties are more productive and able to form the largest, salable berries. Root offspring are absent, and reproduction is carried out by the apical part of substitution shoots.
- For semi-spreading varieties characterized by the presence of long creeping shoots and a complete lack of studs. In this case, the berries are large enough, with an average weight of 5–5.5 g. The plant forms a small number of root offspring, and the tops of substitution shoots are used for propagation.
- Straight-growing varieties most often they have powerful, highly prickly shoots, the height of which is often 3.5 m or more. The apical part may be arched. The berries are medium in size. Varietal advantages are high winter hardiness, frost resistance and the formation of a sufficient number of root offspring, facilitating the propagation of berry culture in the conditions of home gardening.
How to plant a blackberry
In order to get a rich and high-quality berry crop, it is very important to provide the plant with proper care, which includes competent and timely pruning, fertilizing and systematic irrigation measures. Subject to agricultural technology, plants do not need increased attention and form a high, stable crop.