Description and characteristics of sports pigeons of the dragon breed, their content

Description and characteristics of sports pigeons of the dragon breed, their content

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At a time when pigeon mail was one of the means of communication, flying birds, able to accurately find a home, were of particular value. The dragon pigeon, belonging to the sports direction, was bred to deliver letters and participate in bird competitions for range and speed. Today the colorful bird, which breeders willingly demonstrate at exhibitions and competitions, has acquired a decorative purpose.

Description and characteristics

The dragon dove is distinguished by a number of characteristic features, thanks to which the species is easily recognizable. Birds have an elongated, strong, muscular body with a well-developed chest. The oval head with a rounded crown merges smoothly into a strong, medium-length neck, widening towards the bottom.

The pigeon's elongated legs have densely feathered, muscular tibiae. Wings with an even, rigid feather are located on the sides of the body. Plumage of dragons can have different colors:

  • white;
  • the black;
  • gray-blue;
  • dark blue;
  • yellow;
  • brick red;
  • light red.

The main distinguishing feature of dragons is the pronounced thickened wax over the beak of the dove and around the eyes. The degree of development of a thickened skin formation depends on the subspecies of the bird. There are 2 types of dragon pigeons - a large London one with an outstanding openwork waxworm and a more athletic Birmingham pigeon in appearance with a less bushy, tightly fitting skin fold on the beak and eye sockets.

Dragon pigeons are active, mobile, which is especially true for males, who often come into conflict with each other. The reason for the aggressive behavior of birds is also hunger or thirst. Fighting earnest often becomes the reason for the resettlement of hostile birds in separate cells. Females are more peaceful, calm and less likely to cause trouble for the owner.

Advantages and disadvantages

Dragon pigeons are of interest to breeders, have a number of advantages and disadvantages due to the peculiarities of the physiology and temperament of birds.

resistance to environmental factors;

unpretentiousness to conditions of detention;

unusual appearance thanks to the wax;

developed abilities for orientation on the ground;

attachment to home (nest);


performance and endurance.

the need to keep the birds in shape by organizing a place for a regular summer;

aggression of males towards each other;

the need for a preparatory stage before participating in the competition.

The advantage of females of the dragon breed is considered a developed maternal instinct. Doves willingly breed and take care of their chicks.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Trainable dragons are rightfully considered intelligent pigeons with advanced brain activity.

Requirements for keeping sports pigeons

The pigeon house should be spacious and warm, with plenty of resting areas at the top of the house. To protect against cold winds, the walls of the dovecote are insulated, drafts and dampness are excluded. For females, wooden or wicker nests are made with sides up to 15 centimeters high.

One of the main conditions for keeping dragons is daily physical activity. Sports pigeon breeds should fly a lot, regardless of the weather and season. For training near the dovecote, they equip a platform with a mesh base for walking birds in the cold season.

How to feed the birds?

The question of the dragon's diet requires careful consideration. Pigeons are distinguished by their excellent appetite, which, together with a lack of physical activity, often causes obesity. The basis of the diet of pigeons is:

  • cereals (wheat, barley, millet, corn);
  • legumes (peas, lentils);
  • oilseeds (sunflower seeds, rapeseed, hemp).

The daily grain rate for an adult pigeon is 40-50 grams. Legumes contain vegetable protein, and oilseeds contain fats, the amount of which should not exceed 20% of the total feed volume.

For the harmonious development and prevention of diseases, vitamins A, E, D, group B should be present in the diet of dragon pigeons. To prevent hypovitaminosis, fish oil and vitamin preparations are added to the feed.

The optimal solution is to use ready-made balanced feeds containing the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals to feed the dragons. Pigeons must have access to clean water at all times. To prevent birds from overturning containers with water, special drinkers are installed.

Dragon pigeon diseases

Under unfavorable conditions, poultry becomes vulnerable to various infectious diseases and parasitic infestations. Infectious diseases of pigeons, which are caused by bacteria and viruses, are considered dangerous and contagious. Ailments quickly spread to the flock, and sometimes to a person, requiring timely treatment.

Pigeons are susceptible to the following diseases:

  1. Psittacosis. It is manifested by a change in the shape of the eyes, the color of the iris, lacrimation, shortness of breath and wheezing, rhinitis, diarrhea, paralysis of the body.
  2. Smallpox is a viral disease. Characterized by apathy, respiratory failure, discharge from the eyes and nose, red spots on the skin, bald patches.
  3. Twig (Newcastle disease, pseudo-plague). The bird whirls in place, falls on its side or sits disheveled and disheveled.
  4. Salmonellosis is a contagious disease that occurs in various forms (latent, intestinal, articular, explicit, nervous).
  5. Coccidiosis (causative agent - protozoa). It manifests itself as a disheveled pigeon, drowsiness, bloody diarrhea, loss of coordination, a decrease in head size, paralysis.
  6. Helminthic invasions.
  7. Aspergillosis (fungal infection).
  8. Tuberculosis (transmitted to humans).

Young animals are most vulnerable to diseases. To avoid the spread of diseases, it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the dovecote, timely process the feeders and drinkers, and regularly inspect the birds.

Watch the video: Dragon Pigeons - Dragoon (August 2022).