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Description of the 9 best breeds of meat pigeons, breeding methods and breeding

Description of the 9 best breeds of meat pigeons, breeding methods and breeding



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Meat breeds of pigeons, unlike ordinary ones, hardly fly, but weigh from 0.5 to 1 kg. Birds are bred for delicious, nutritious and dietary meat. Pigeons eat the same thing as chickens or partridges, that is, grain from cereals. The advantages of pigeon breeding are minimal feed costs, fast weight gain in meat-producing birds. The only disadvantage of breeding pigeons is the too high price of thoroughbred individuals.

Features of the meat direction

Meat pigeons have long been bred in the Mediterranean countries. Pigeon breeding is common in Western Europe and the USA. In Russia and Ukraine, meat pigeon breeds are rare. Although not much money is spent on breeding these birds, and the profitability of such a business is high, of course, if there is a sales market. Pigeon meat (breast) is a popular restaurant dish in many European countries.

Meat pigeon breeds are divided into three types or groups:

  • gigantic (giants) - large, heavy, fly poorly;
  • chicken - similar to chickens, fertile, have a wide chest;
  • meat - similar to wild pigeons, but larger.

There are about 70 breeds of meat pigeons. Such birds hardly fly. All of them are distinguished by early maturity, that is, rapid weight gain, as well as a relatively large body weight (when compared with wild flying relatives). Meat pigeons weigh from 0.5 to 1 kg or more. Slaughter meat yield is almost 70 percent. Birds are sent to slaughter two months after birth. For their maintenance, special dovecotes are built. The birds are fed with crushed grain mixtures.

Popular breeds of meat pigeons

For breeding for meat, it is important to purchase special pigeon meat breeds. Such birds quickly gain weight on regular feed and hardly get sick.

King

This gigantic breed was bred in the United States specifically for the sake of obtaining pigeon meat. King pigeons usually have white plumage, but there are individuals with a silvery, variegated color. The mass of birds is 850-1050 grams. Kings have a compact body, a short, raised tail, and a wide chest.

reach maximum weight at 2 months of life;

the female incubates about 16 chicks per year.

lively, aggressive character;

relatively high price per pair.

Strasser

The breeders of this gigantic breed, according to various versions, are the Germans, Czechs and Australians. Strasser pigeons have an interesting color of feathers: a white body, motley gray-black wings and tail, a dark head. They weigh from 500 to 900 grams or more.

strassers by the end of 4 weeks of life weigh almost 0.6 kg;

per season, the female breeds up to 12 pigeons.

pugnacious and temperamental character;

the productivity of a couple drops sharply after 6 years;

Strassers are not recommended to be crossed with other breeds.

Texan

The birds of this gigantic breed are outwardly similar to their wild relatives - the doves. They have a small head, gray, variegated or reddish plumage. Only the body is larger, and the chest is wider. Texans were bred to the United States for meat production. They weigh about 705-900 grams.

early maturity;

calm character;

the female hatches about 24 chicks per year.

high cost of a pair;

popular only in the USA, in Europe - a rarity.

Roman giant

This is an ancient Italian breed of pigeons, which was later improved in France. Belongs to the group of giants. Birds served as breeding material for the creation of large meat pigeon breeds. The Romans have an oblong body, a wide chest, long flight feathers on the wings and a long tail. The plumage of Roman giants can be gray, fawn, variegated, white. The Romans weigh 1-1.33 kg.

gain weight quickly;

rarely get sick;

can be used to improve other breeds.

gullible but pugnacious character;

low fertility (5-9 chicks per year).

Carnot

This is a gigantic French pigeon breed for enclosure keeping. Birds have a compact body, a wide chest, and a raised short tail. Carnot weighs about 600 grams. The plumage is variegated, fawn, white, black.

early maturity;

the female incubates about 16 chicks per season;

carno are adapted for breeding in open-air cages.

unattractive appearance (not bred as a decorative breed);

high price.

Monden

This is one of the best French gigantic meat breeds. Bred in the south of France in the town of Mont-de-Marsan. Adult mondens weigh almost 1.3 kg. Pigeons gain 500 grams by 2 months. Birds can have gray, white, fawn plumage. Mondens are distinguished by their compact body and wide chest.

early maturity;

the ability to cross with other breeds to improve their productivity.

high price per pair;

low decorative effect.

Polish lynx

This breed from the meat group was bred in Poland in the 19th century. Birds are appreciated for their meat characteristics and decorativeness. The Polish lynx weighs about 750 grams. The plumage can be gray, with iridescent green feathers on the neck and a black transverse tape on the tail. Poles have a compact body and wide chest.

decorativeness;

fast weight gain;

fertility.

high price per pair;

low flying qualities.

Prahensky canyk

This is an old Czech pigeon breed from the meat group. Birds are bred for meat in Eastern Europe. Czechs weigh about 550-750 grams.

early maturity;

fertility.

high price per pair;

rare breed.

Modena, or modena dove

These are Italian pigeons, bred in the North of Italy, in the town of Modena. No Asian breeds were used in breeding Modena birds. By morphological characteristics, Modena belong to the group of colored chicken-like pigeons. They weigh about 750-950 grams. The birds have a wide convex chest, white plumage or other colors.

early maturity;

fertility.

high price per pair;

low decorative characteristics.

Subtleties of keeping and breeding

Meat breeds almost never fly, quickly get used to dovecotes and, with good feeding, never leave their habitat. Birds don't like to sleep on the floor. In dovecotes, they are equipped with perches near the ceiling. There should be nests in the room. They are also placed on elevations. Straw is laid on the floor, which is removed as it gets dirty. Pigeons usually only spend the night in a dovecote. They spend the whole day on the street. Near the dovecote, they equip a walking yard fenced with a net with a feeder, a drinker, sand and a bathing tub.

Birds eat crushed grain (corn, rice, wheat, barley, oats), and after eating they immediately drink water, like to swim and wallow in the sun. Food from the pharynx enters the goiter through the esophagus, where it softens. The glands on the walls of this organ secrete special milk, which pigeons feed their chicks with.

For quick weight gain, the birds are given boiled potatoes, wet mash, chopped carrots, pumpkin. The diet of pigeons should contain greens, fish, meat and bone meal, salt, chalk, yeast, fish oil. Birds can be fed with industrial products (mixed feed in granules, meal, cake).

Pigeons can mate with representatives of their own or another breed. Crossbreeding of different groups is practiced to improve meat production. It is undesirable to mate close relatives. It is recommended to select large chicks for crossing, subsequently the offspring will have a large body weight.

Growing methods

There are two main ways of raising meat pigeons - extensive and intensive. On an industrial scale, birds are caged and intensively fed so that they gain the desired weight as quickly as possible.

Extensive

This method of cultivation resembles the natural habitat of pigeons. Birds spend the night in dovecotes, and spend the whole day outside, on a walking area. The extensive method is suitable for home pigeon breeding.

pigeons take sun baths, feed on fresh greens, move a lot;

birds rarely get sick.

gain weight more slowly;

more feed is spent on keeping birds.

Intensive

The intensive feeding method is suitable for giant beef breeds. Pigeons are planted in cages and fed 4 times a day with nutritious food (porridge, wet mash, boiled potatoes) and vitamins. For a month, birds gain almost 0.5 kg of weight.

pigeons recover quickly;

in just a month, the birds can be sent for slaughter;

it turns out tender and fatty meat.

with a sedentary lifestyle, birds can get sick;

when pigeons are kept in rooms closed from sunlight, pathologies may develop.

Slaughter of meat pigeons

Birds are sent to slaughter when their weight reaches at least 500 grams. Meat breeds are characterized by early maturity. In just two months of life, they gain 0.5 kg. At six months, pigeons begin to rush. If the poultry breeder plans to breed pigeons on his own, then it is recommended to leave several large individuals for breeding. Bird productivity in terms of reproduction lasts up to 6 years.


Watch the video: Tips for pigeon breeding technique how to select best pair breeders (August 2022).