Gooseberry "Malachite" - a variety that belongs to the average ripening period. It was bred at the Institute of Horticulture named after I.V.Michurin as a result of crossing species of dates and black negus. Since 1959, the variety has been actively used in the Central, Northern, Ural, Black Earth regions.
The main features of the variety
Gooseberry bush is quite thick. Shoots have a green color, unrefined. The pricklyness of the plant is average, the thorns are mostly single. The kidneys have a dark brown color, have an ovoid shape, are pointed up.
The leaves are concave, large, pubescent. The veins are not painted, the base of the leaf is straight. Petiole has an average thickness. The flowers have a bright color, medium size.
The berries are green, large, with a waxy coating. They have a thin skin, venation is strong. The taste is pleasant, the scope of the berries is universal.
The variety is resistant to low temperatures and drought. The average yield is about 12 tons per hectare. Gooseberries are resistant to powdery mildew. Another advantage is the large berries.
Useful properties of berries
Gooseberry berry includes a large number of macro- and microelements. It also contains substances such as:
- organic acids.
The use of gooseberries in food has a diuretic, choleretic and laxative effect. In combination with honey, berries can help cope with skin diseases, anemia, gum and tooth diseases. Gooseberries actively remove toxins, salts, radionuclides from the human body. It also reduces cholesterol, gives strength.
How to plant bushes
Gooseberry bushes are planted in spring or autumn. In the spring, you should have time to plant the plant after the soil has thawed, but the buds have not yet swollen. If you plant gooseberries later, it is unlikely to take root.
In the fall, planting is carried out 5 weeks before the onset of frost. During this period, the root system will develop in the bush.
During planting, it is important to leave some distance between the bushes. It should be more than a meter. The optimal depth of the pit for planting an annual bush is 0.5 m. Before planting, it is recommended to make fertilizers in it.
Proper care for rapid development
In order for the gooseberry bush to develop well, it is necessary to properly care for it. The plant requires a range of care work.
Gooseberry "Malachite": features of the variety
Loosening works should be carried out regularly. Dense soil is dug up with a shovel, and the loose soil is slightly “fluffed” with a pitchfork. Important and get rid of weeds in a timely manner, otherwise, moisture will accumulate near the bottom of the bush, which will lead to the formation of viruses.
Since gooseberries give many fruits, it requires a large number of top dressings. On one bush, as a standard, make:
- potassium chloride - 20 grams;
- compost or manure - 10 kilograms;
- saltpeter - 40 grams;
- superphosphate - 80 grams.
During the year, fertilizers are applied 2 times. The first time top dressing is carried out immediately after flowering. The second fertilizer application is carried out after the berries are picked.
The formation of gooseberry bushes is one of the most important stages of care. During operation, part of the roots are eliminated and skeletal branches are cut. From the fourth year of the bush's life, pruning involves preventing crown thickening. In this case, the crop will develop on branches that are about 3 years old, so the remaining branches can be shortened.
Gooseberries are often attacked by such insects as sawflies, moths and aphids. Biological products, kalbofos and tincture of ash help protect plants from pest invasion. Work is carried out in the spring, and if this does not help, they are repeated after flowering.
Gooseberry bush should be protected from powdery mildew, despite the fact that it is not so common in the presented variety. Its appearance is characterized by gray spots on the shoots and foliage. To treat the plant from the presented disease, solutions of iron sulfate and baking soda are used. Treatment should be carried out immediately after a disease is detected.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about how to get rid of powdery mildew on gooseberries.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety
Those who already have gooseberry variety "Malachite", it is noted that it has large berries. The fruits look beautiful due to transparency, have a sweet taste. Of the minuses, it is worth noting that the bush has quite long spikes located close to each other.
How to plant gooseberries
Gooseberry variety Malachite is valued for large and juicy berries. The crop gives a stable plant, does not show any special conditions for care. Particular attention when growing a bush should be given to loosening the soil and protecting it from pests. An important role is played by cropping.