Prune gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa) actively cultivated in the gardens of the Ural, Central, Middle Volga regions. The variety was bred at the Michurin Research Institute and is the result of the crossing of 2 varieties: "Plum 259-23" and "Plum". In the list of the state registry, the plant has been recorded since 1992.
Features of "Prune" grade
Gooseberry "Prunes" has a whole range of positive qualities. It is not prone to powdery mildew and is winter hardy. The prickiness of the plant is low, which greatly facilitates the care of it. The berries are tasty, but the yield cannot be called stable.
Indications of the density of shoots and leaves are average. The spikes are mostly concentrated on the bottom of the branches. The shape of the berries is pear-shaped, medium size. The color of the fruit is rich red, the taste is sweet and sour.
Gooseberries are very healthy. They help to maintain normal blood pressure and give a diuretic effect, which is important for those who suffer from kidney inflammation. The berries will be useful for those who want to lose weight or just recharge your batteries.
People suffering from vascular diseases are recommended to use grated gooseberries with the addition of garlic. The presented option is also suitable as a supplement to the body's vitamins.
Features of planting varieties
The “Prune” bush doesn’t like shaded areas, therefore, you should choose a bright place for him. Under the crowns of old trees he will be uncomfortable. You can plant gooseberries between young trees, but the distance between them should be 2 meters.
A great option is to plant the variety at a distance of 1.5 meters from the hedge. After currants or raspberries, bushes should not be planted, since the soil after the presented plants remains severely depleted.
"Prune" variety should not be planted in lowlands. Planting itself should be conducted in the fall, so that the bush has time to grow stronger before the cold. In spring, work is also possible, but until the moment the buds have opened.
Before planting, the roots of the plant are soaked in an antibacterial agent "Barrier". You can use an organic preparation "Ideal" or sodium humate dissolving the product in 5 liters of water. In the presented mixtures, the roots of the plant are left for a day, so that the bush will take root well in the soil subsequently.
Planting of seedlings goes straight, the root neck is deepened by 7 cm from the soil level. The roots straighten well before being placed in the pit, and then fall asleep with soil. To compact the soil, it is watered with water. At the end of the planting, the seedling is trimmed to 5 buds. Weak branches are eliminated, and humus or peat is introduced under the bushes. So that the seedlings do not freeze in the autumn, they are spudded and mulched with peat or sawdust.
How to grow large gooseberries
The presented variety requires the following care measures:
- weed removal near bushes;
- pruning of sick and old branches;
- timely and plentiful watering;
- mulching and feeding;
- crown formation in spring;
- disease control and preventive measures.
"Prune" gooseberries are predisposed to diseases such as:
- Ball rust - on inflorescences, ovaries and leaves, pads of yellowish spores form. You can get rid of the disease with the help of chemicals;
- Powdery mildew - powdery powdery white color appears on shoots and leaves. As a fight against the disease, solutions of copper sulfate and potassium permanganate are used;
- Anthracosis - brown spots appear on the leaves. The fight is with chemicals.
After reading the relevant article on our website, you can find out how to properly plant gooseberries.
Reviews about the grade "Prune" positive. Gardeners are attracted by pear-shaped large berries with a pleasant sweet and sour taste and a specific aroma. There is also a huge benefit in the composition of fruits containing ascorbic acid and sugar.
Gooseberries "Prunes" can be consumed both fresh and made from harvesting berries for the winter. The yield of the variety is average - up to 14 t / ha, 4 kg per bush. The plant is resistant to powdery mildew, winter-hardy, prickly weak. Of the shortcomings, it is worth noting the instability of the mass of fruits.
Gooseberry: variety selection
"Prune" gooseberries are actively cultivated in gardens due to their winter hardiness and resistance to powdery mildew. The bush gives not only tasty, but also healthy berries. Prickly branches are low, which greatly facilitates the collection of fruits. The only drawback is crop instability. Otherwise, the performance of the variety is very good.