Autumn time is a very responsible period for all gardeners and gardeners in central Russia. Planting winter garlic belongs to the category of important agricultural work carried out almost throughout the territory of Russia. Most often at this time questions arise: when to plant winter garlic and what planting material should be used.
The winter period in our country begins at different times, so it is very important to choose the right time for planting, as well as take into account all climatic features. It should be remembered that before planting, about a week, the preparation of garlic cloves is performed. It is necessary to separate the heads and select planting material with defects, since it is not suitable for planting.
Planting dates for winter garlic vary by region and can vary greatly. Winter or winter garlic is very popular among gardeners; it is planted not only in the Moscow Region, but also in Siberia, as well as in the Urals. Competent, and most importantly, timely planting of winter garlic is the most important factor that ensures a high and high-quality crop.
The early planting of garlic in the winter, which some gardeners carry out in August or the first decade of September, is undesirable, since the cloves can start growing very early, which will significantly undermine their resistance to winter cold and frost. therefore the right timing for the autumn planting of garlic is very important: this will ensure a quality crop next year.
Planting dates for winter garlic in the fall in the suburbs
Planting garlic in the winter is called winter. In the Moscow region, the last decade of October is considered optimal for landing. However, if the weather is unstable, early frosts are expected, then in the winter cloves, single teeth, as well as bulbs collected from shoot varieties, should be planted before the first days of October.
The advantages of such planting in the winter are especially noticeable in dry years. High-quality garlic planted before winter shoots in early spring, before the formation of the first buds on most trees. The main conditions are the right choice of planting material, competent preparation of the site, compliance with the rules of planting in the winter.
How to plant winter garlic in winter
The rules for planting winter garlic in Siberia
When planting garlic in the winter, the main problem is the correct determination of the timing. Planting winter garlic in Siberia has a number of features, unlike the middle zone of our country or neighboring countries. For Western Siberia, planting in the autumn period should begin in mid-September and end in the first ten days of October, so that the plant takes root as much as possible before frost.
The best deadline for planting bulbs is considered to be the period from mid-September, which is about forty days before the onset of stable winter frosts and colds in Siberia. It is important to remember that the rooting process is most effective at a temperature of approximately thirteen degrees heat.
The territory of Siberia is large enough, which causes a variation in the planting time of winter garlic. For new gardeners, it is advisable to consult with the indigenous inhabitants or neighbors in the summer cottage. If the plant is planted too early, in the winter such garlic can die, and if the planting is carried out late, then there is a risk of being left without a crop at all.
Gardeners should remember that in Western Siberia, the planting dates for winter garlic are the earliest and vary from mid-September to the first week of October. If a harsh winter is predicted in the region, then in order to prevent freezing of planted garlic, cover the plants with mulching layers of leaves or other natural material. It is important to prepare the beds for planting winter garlic in September.
Features planting garlic in the Urals
For each region of our country, there is a strictly defined and optimal time for planting winter garlic in open ground. In the Urals, winter garlic is sown one and a half months before the onset of steady frost in the region. In the Urals, as well as in central Russia, the timing of planting winter garlic most often falls at the end of September or the first decade of October.
In addition, vegetables such as garlic should be planted before winter, not only on the basis of the climatic conditions of the cultivation region, but also weather factors that change every year. You can plant not only cloves, but also bulbs. Experienced Ural gardeners and gardeners do not recommend mulching winter plantings of garlic.
As a rule, winter plantings in severe frosts are covered with roofing material or ordinary plastic film. In the Middle Urals, for example in the Sverdlovsk region, it is advisable to start planting winter garlic in the first decade of October. Planting of winter garlic in the southern Urals is from the fifth to the tenth of October. If you land earlier, the cloves will not only have time to root, but also germinate, which can completely ruin the future crop.
We also offer you to find out why leaves turn yellow in garlic.
Features planting garlic in other regions of Russia
Due to its biological characteristics, such a popular vegetable plant as garlic is ideal for planting and growing in almost all regions of our country.
In non-chernozem areas, the most favorable time for planting material is the third decade of September.
When to plant winter garlic
Climatic features of the northern regions of our country dictate their conditions when growing winter varieties of garlic. The landing pattern may also differ significantly. It should be understood that the dates indicated in the specialized literature should be taken into account, adjusted for the specific weather conditions of the region.