Vine bushes at the age of two to three years need a very high-quality and most stable support, which will not only direct the growth of the plant, but also keep the vine in an upright position.
Purpose of the support
The vine is inherently a vine, unable to independently grow in the vertical direction, and therefore needs the timely installation of support. However, the need for arranging supports for grapes is due not only to this feature of the plant. This design is also necessary so that the vine does not creep on the ground, because the clusters lying on the ground often rot. In addition, the trellis greatly improves the heating and lighting of the shoots as a result of their proper placement. The use of support for grape bushes also helps to ensure a faster onset of fruiting.
Advantages of using support for grapes:
- saving planting area due to the vertical tying of the vine;
- providing the best illumination of plant foliage, which helps to accelerate photosynthesis and has a beneficial effect on productivity;
- improving the quality characteristics of ripened berries, due to the uniform illumination of grapes.
In addition, through the use of the support, high-quality ventilation of the plants is ensured, which can significantly reduce the risk of diseases of the vineyards. As a result, the need to use various toxic chemicals for spraying grapes is reduced.
How to make a trellis for grapes
Types of structures
If in the first two years of the grape’s life, the support function is successfully performed by ordinary high stakes, between which ropes, wires or nylon cords are pulled, then at the further stages of cultivation it is simply impossible to do without high-quality trellis. Today, there are several types of trellis for grapes, which can easily be made independently from various materials.
This simplest trellis option is simple enough. The design is a number of vertical posts, between which the line, wire or cables with a distance of 40-42 cm are stretched in an ordinary way. According to the manufacturing method, such trellises are divided:
- on single, or single-plane;
- double, or two-plane.
As a material for support poles can be used:
- metal pipes of round or square section;
- metal corners with shelves from 4 cm to 7 cm;
- channels with a width of at least 4 cm;
- wooden blocks treated against rotting in the ground.
The most durable option is metal poles. Support columns are recommended to be concreted at a distance of 2-2.5 m from each other. The height of the support should be 2.2-2.3 m, the diameter of the supporting metal pillars can vary from 3.5 to 6 cm.
Two-way, or double, trellises for grapes are established in the conditions of considerable landing areas. A feature is the V-shaped digging or cementing of the support pillars. With this option, the trellis should be especially careful about the distance between the rows. Two-plane trellises make it possible to shade the soil as much as possible, which is very important for maintaining moisture for a long time.
As the tension material can be used steel wire with a diameter of 2-3 mm, as well as copper or stainless wire of the same diameter.
This is a popular, but more expensive and time-consuming version of the support for the vine. Usually, such constructions are used for growing grape varieties of different timing.
It is advisable to use this design for single-row cultivation of grapes and the arrangement of a very spectacular recreation area near a residential building.
The semi-arched tapestry allows you to get a decorative living canopy on the site to protect from sunlight. Often in the upper part of the structure is mounted a plastic coating that protects the rest area from atmospheric precipitation.
For a large and spacious courtyard, the installation of arched structures is most preferable. A two-row planting of a vineyard, fixed on an arched trellis, can act as a frame for small areas for recreation, and also looks spectacular along walking paths or over arbors.
You can independently perform two options for the arch structure:
- concreting of pillars with lathing;
- concreting of bent metal pipes.
The second option looks more aesthetically pleasing and attractive and runs much faster.
Arched supports for grapes belong to the category of decorative structures and are most often used in conditions of uncultivated viticulture in the southern regions.
Grapevine gartering is a must for grape cultivation. Only a competent garter will help to properly form the vine and will contribute to a good harvest. It is necessary to carry out tying very carefully and very carefully, because although the vine is quite flexible, especially at the very beginning of the sap flow period, there is always a risk of breaking it.
There are two types of garter, which are performed at different stages of grape cultivation.
“Dry” garter of fruiting shoots and knots of substitution
When tying the vine in this way, you should very carefully bend the grape branches to the lower wire row on the trellis and direct them horizontally. Knots are fixed on the supports, which grow directly near the stretched wire.
Green garter of young grape shoots
It is produced when the shoots reach a height of 35-40 cm. Tying is carried out in a vertical direction or at an angle and contributes to uniform illumination of the plant. As soon as the shoots reach the next highest wire, another garter is performed. During the summer period, the procedure should be repeated several times.
It is worth remembering that before tying the vines, pruning of all old and damaged vine shoots should be carried out.
We also offer you to read an article that talks about the reasons for the non-germination of planted grape cuttings.
Tips & Tricks
In order to make the household plot look well-groomed, you should give preference to high-quality and durable materials when creating supporting structures. Metal supports are recommended to be coated with paint, which will extend the service life of the structure and increase its decorativeness.
An alternative is to fill the space between the supporting posts not with wire, but with special garden plastic nets, to which the vine is tied over the entire period of the summer growing season. A distinctive feature of this design is the speed of installation.
If damage to the eyes is observed on the vine, then you should not rush to perform the garter of the plant to the trellis. You should wait for the awakening of spare and sleeping buds, and then break off the extra shoots and prune the dead vine.
DIY grape support
Regardless of whether a single-plane or two-plane trellis will be used, the arrangement of such a design should be approached very responsibly. Strict adherence to all the rules for creating high-quality and durable trellises, as well as the proper formation of shoots, allows you to create a spectacular composition that will become a decorative element of the homestead landscape. At the same time, the vine will be healthy and will thank the gardener with an annual high yield of delicious berries.