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Plants

Grapes "Radiant": the cultivation of high-yielding and promising varieties


Grapes "Radiant" is among the very high-quality seedless varieties of raisins and is characterized by an average ripening period. Technical ripeness of the berries occurs after four months. The parent couple is represented by grapes of the Cardinal and Pink Squish grapes. The author of the variety is NPO Vierul from Moldova.

Grade characteristics

The description of the variety and its photo will be interesting for most gardeners who prefer grapes that form large and beautiful clusters and are distinguished by excellent quality characteristics.

Biological description

The “Luchisty” grape bushes have strong growth and are characterized by satisfactory rates of shoot ripening. The leaves have a five-lobed structure, medium or large sizes, rounded shape and are characterized by medium or strong dispersion. The smoothness and luster of the surface of the leaf plate is a hallmark of this variety of raisins.

Leaves have a light green or deep green color. Petioles are open, lancet, with no pubescence on the lower leaf part. The lower part of the lateral notch is not deep enough and has a clearance in the form of an incoming angle. The upper part is characterized by vaulting and the presence of an oblong elliptical lumen.

Flowers on the plant are bisexual. The clusters are large: up to 45 cm long and weighing up to 650 g. Grape brushes have an extension at the ends, are characterized by a cylindrical and conical shape, friability or average density.

Technical characteristics of berries

The berries are characterized by medium or large size and have an average weight of 5 g. The shape is elongated, oval. The main color is pink, there is a reddish tint. The juicy pulp is fleshy and dense. The berries have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight acidity and a delicate aroma of nutmeg. Sugar content is 21%, and acidity does not exceed 7 g / l.

Grade Advantages

Grapes "Radiant" has both positive characteristics and minor disadvantages that should be considered when growing. The benefits of the variety include the following:

  • high yield of varieties;
  • good frost resistance - up to -23 ° С;
  • resistance to defeat mildew and oidium of the order of 3-4 points;
  • lack of seeds;
  • the possibility of arched formations.

The disadvantage is the need for preventive treatments in the spring. It is worth remembering that the abundance of the crop can provoke breakage of branches. By the way, the yield of grape varieties "Radiant" is from 130 to 150 kg / ha.

Grapes "Radiant": variety description

Landing rules

For this variety, it is necessary to observe when planting the distance between plants in a row of 2.5 m and in an aisle of 3 m.

The technology for planting seedlings of grape varieties "Radiant" is as follows:

  • planting can be carried out both in the spring and in the fall (spring planting lasts from late April to mid-May, and in autumn plants can be planted starting in October);
  • the size of the planting pits may vary depending on the diameter of the root system of the seedling;
  • when planting, it is imperative to install a wooden or metal support for fixing the bush;
  • immediately after planting, abundant watering should be carried out in the amount of about one and a half buckets of water.

Planting on a site with enriched soil greatly facilitates the subsequent care of the grapes and helps to reduce the time of adaptation of the plant.

Care Features

The grape variety “Radiant” is demanding enough to conduct competent and timely care measures. It must be remembered that the plant needs preparation for the winter period: mulching the soil and equipping the shelter.

Watering

Irrigation measures should be carried out regularly and be relatively moderate. The volume of water used for irrigation depends entirely on the type of soil on which the vineyard is cultivated. On chernozems, about five buckets of water should be used to irrigate each plant. In the presence of sandy soil, the volume of water for irrigation is about nine buckets.

About ten days before the harvest, irrigation measures should be discontinued. When growing grape raisins, it is recommended to use drip irrigation systems.

Top dressing

To increase the amount of green mass in the spring, nitrogen-containing preparations should be applied under the vineyard. Recommended for top dressing. Plantofol. The annual application of potassium monophosphates, sulfates and magnesium sulfate has a beneficial effect on productivity. The main fertilizer should be carried out before flowering. Overfeeding of vineyards with fertilizers helps to delay flowering and inferior formation of ovaries.

Pruning

Grapes should be formed so that for every square meter of the area there are no more than ten well-formed shoots. The total load on young plants should be about ten shoots. For adult plants, you can leave twenty shoots. The distance between adjacent arms should be about one meter.

Optimal for growing grapes of this variety is to perform long pruning for ten eyes. Proper pruning will allow you to get a well-formed brush and a couple of large clusters for each shoot. Exceeding such indicators threatens with crushing berries and reducing their quality characteristics. When the plant is overloaded, a delay in the ripening period of the crop is often observed.

Diseases and Pests

Insufficient resistance of the variety to damage by the main diseases for grapes requires prophylactic spraying with copper-based preparations or with Nitrophos in accordance with the attached instructions. Conducting protective measures should be timed to spring fertilizer application.

We also recommend that you read the article on the rules for processing grapes from diseases and pests.

Gardeners reviews

Raisin cultivar raisin is one of the most promising and high-quality achievements in breeding work carried out in recent years. This seedless and high-yielding variety regularly receives high marks from winegrowers and gardeners, who note long beautiful clusters characterized by high commercial quality and excellent taste of ripe berries. The variety is positively evaluated both by professionals and amateur winegrowers.

How to prepare and store grape cuttings

The presence of minor flaws does not detract from all the advantages of the “Radiant” variety. However, some features do not allow the cultivation of such grapes in regions with difficult climatic conditions. It is not recommended to grow “Radiant” grapes for beginner gardeners, which is due to the specifics of plant care measures.