The Armenian cucumber is known to many as a snake-like melon, or tarra. The plant is a type of melon, representative of the genus Cucumber and the family Pumpkin, or Cucurbitaceae. This gourd culture, still little known to gardeners, in Latin called Cucumber Armenian, looks very exotic and has a very unusual taste.
The plant belongs to the category of long-limbed, forming a large number of side shoots. Bright green leaves have a very characteristic rounded shape. Fruits are light green in color with silver pubescence. The length of the fetus varies from 45 to 50 cm. A feature of the Armenian cucumber is the complete absence of an air cavity inside it.
The pulp of the fruit of this plant is juicy, crisp, white in color, with a pronounced melon aroma. Armenian cucumbers are eaten fresh together with peel, and can also be used for pickling and canning. As a result of over-ripening, the fruits of Cucumber Armenian turn yellow and almost completely lose their taste.
This unusual culture with the taste of melon and cucumber is distinguished by huge cylindrical segmented fruits and is characterized by a long vegetative period. Fruiting is continuous and continues until the frosts. Cucumber Armenian possesses high rates of resistance to defeat by true and downy mildew, and also tolerates very low temperature conditions.
Cucumber Armenian fruits contain about 13-14% sugars, approximately 15% solids and 7.5% starch. In addition, the pulp is rich in vitamins and mineral salts, which has a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the human body.
The pulp and juice of the Armenian cucumber are useful for obesity, diabetes mellitus, general weakness, hypertensive manifestations, atherosclerosis and colic, and the presence of a sufficient amount of folic acid has a positive effect on hematopoiesis. Snake melon is widely used as a laxative, choleretic, diuretic and antisclerotic.
Armenian cucumber: growing
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"White hero" due to its high productivity and unpretentiousness is gaining popularity among Russian gardeners.
Fruits are formed on the main shoot and on the shoots of the second order, in the area of the first pair of leaves. The main lash reaches a length of 3 m. Flowering dioecious. The period from the appearance of full germination to the first harvest of the fruit is approximately two months. The yield of each plant, subject to agricultural technology, is 8-10.5 kg of fruit.
Features of agricultural technology
The plant is very common in China, Japan, Uzbekistan and Italy, which characterizes the serpentine melon as a heat-loving crop, for which the presence of high temperature indicators of soil and air, as well as good lighting, is very important.
Growing an Armenian cucumber is easy. Seeds sold by agricultural companies and seed companies have already been processed and do not need additional presowing measures. The soil should be fertile, loose and light. Seeds are biting at a temperature of 15-25 ° C, but to get friendly and as early as possible shoots, it is recommended to carry out a preliminary soaking. In the presence of optimal indicators of moisture and soil temperature, the first seedlings appear about a week after sowing.
The best time for sowing seedlings is the last decade of April. Planting depth is the same as for cucumber seeds, that is, about 5 cm. Planting of plants in a permanent place is carried out in the presence of seven true leaves, not earlier than the end of May. The standard planting plan for seedlings of Cucumber Armenian is 0.5 x 1 m.
The plant is unpretentious. Care for the Armenian cucumber consists in regular loosening of the soil and, if necessary, infrequent, but quite plentiful watering. It is required to monitor the cleanliness of landings and regularly carry out weeding. Organic fertilizers are recommended as fertilizers. liquid mullein is best. A good result is the alternation of top dressing with slurry and solutions of complex mineral fertilizers. To protect against diseases and pests, you can use garlic and onion infusions.
Fruits with lashes must be torn off with the stalk, as otherwise the harvesting period is sharply reduced. When stored in a refrigerator, Armenian cucumbers do not lose their quality characteristics and presentation for a month, and sometimes more.
Cucumber Armenian does not have fruit coatings, therefore, the harvesting of seeds from this culture is always accompanied by the fermentation process. Seeds after extraction from a fully ripened fruit should be placed in a strainer, and then thoroughly rinsed under a stream of warm tap water. The washed seeds are dried on a cloth.
It is advisable to use a plain paper envelope to store your own seeds until spring planting. Keep the seed in a cool and dry place. Germination rates with proper harvesting and storage conditions are maintained for five years. The advantage of independent seed procurement is that the seed material obtained in this way does not need stratification.
We also offer you to read an article that describes the features of growing onion-garlic.
Reviews of vegetable growers
According to the experience of gardeners who have been growing Armenian cucumbers in their personal plots for several years, the soil before planting should be very carefully dug up and fertilized with humus at the rate of 1 bucket per square meter of planting. It is also recommended that approximately 0.5 buckets of sand be added per square meter. In the last decade of May, you should soak the seeds for a day in a solution of a growth stimulator, and then plant them in open ground with a distance of 0.7 m.
Outwardly, Armenian cucumbers resemble slightly wrinkled and pubescent zucchini. The fruits are harvested, preventing their overriding, with a length of not more than 25-30 cm. Reviews of vegetable growers characterize this garden crop as having a very unusual taste. The fruits are not only eaten fresh, but also stewed, salted and pickled without peeling off the skin.