Hydrangea (Hydrángea) is known to all gardeners and is famous for its decorative and unpretentiousness. One of its varieties - panicled - differs from other species in the form of inflorescences (in the form of panicles), the dark color of foliage and high frost resistance. A long series of panicle hydrangea varieties are constantly updated with new products. One of them is the Polar bear variety.
A bit of history
These flowers are named after the sister of the Roman Empire Charles-Heinrich, Princess Hortense, in the second half of the 18th century. Their second name - "Hydrangea", which is translated from Greek as a vessel with water, was given later. This is probably due to the similarity of the shape of their seed boxes with a jug and the "moisture loving" of these plants.
Hydrangea was brought to Europe from Japan at the beginning of the 19th century, and in the last century, thanks to selection, it turned from a houseplant into a favorite of our gardens.
Variety "Polar Bear" was obtained by crossing the two most common varieties of panicle hydrangea "Grandiflora" and "Limelight". The first of them has very beautiful and large flowers, but thin branches that break off under their weight (especially after rains). They need supports, which spoils the decorativeness of the plant.
The Lyme Light variety is one of the most stable among panicled hydrangeas. The color of its not very large flowers changes during the season from pistachio to pinkish. The new variety "Polar Bear" acquired the best qualities of the parent, but got rid of their shortcomings.
Varieties of panicle hydrangea
Description of the Polar Bear variety
Panicle hydrangea "Polar bear" - one of the most successful decorative varieties of the plant. The plant has inflorescences in the form of dense, compact cones, the size of which reaches 40 cm. They abound in large flowers. Their small bisexual flowers fly around pretty quickly, without spoiling the uniformity of the lush head of inflorescences, flaunting throughout the bush.
Bushes grow to almost two meters tall, reaching in volume more than one and a half meters. Strong hard branches are not prone to breaking off. Oblong leaves have a saturated green color, in the fall they turn yellow.
Flowers are very large - over 3 cm in diameter. Initially, they have a pistachio hue, in the midst of flowering - pale white, and when fading, they become pinkish. These hydrangeas bloom for a long time: from mid-summer to the coldest.
The variety is characterized by unpretentious care, very high frost resistance, withstanding temperatures up to -40 degrees, good resistance to disease. It is also an excellent honey plant.
Recommendations for the care of hydrangeas Polar bir
Panicle hydrangeas are planted in early spring or autumn. But in this case, they need additional shelter for the winter. Caring for a polar bear involves such agricultural activities:
- Choosing a landing place. The plant prefers well-lit places where direct sunlight occurs in the morning at least 6 hours a day. It is also important to protect it from drafts, because sap flow in this variety begins in early spring, when nightly cold and wind are not uncommon.
- Soil selection. The plant prefers slightly acidified fertile soils - loams, chernozem. When planting in sandy soil requires additional top dressing. Alkaline soils are harmful to him.
- Mulching. It is necessary as protection against drying out and overheating of the roots of plants located compactly and shallowly. For this, sawdust, peat, coating materials, etc. are used.
- Watering. Hydrangea needs regular watering, because its roots do not tolerate drying out. The usual weekly rate is 30 liters of water per bush. You can add a little potassium permanganate to it.
- Trimming and bush formation. Hydrangeas need annual spring pruning so that the plantings do not thicken. The close arrangement of plants to each other leads to a decrease in their immunity due to a lack of light and air. In this case, the inflorescences are smaller, and the bushes can be affected by infections and pests. Since this variety is frost-resistant, pruning can be done in early spring or even at the end of winter. Strong 5-10 shoots shorten up to 3-5 buds (almost two-thirds), and the rest are removed.
- Warming of roots for the winter. It must be done in regions with severe or low snow winters. For this, a layer of peat, leaves, spruce branches up to 20 cm high is laid under the bush.
Plant nutrition is carried out in 4 stages:
- organic fertilizers are applied in the spring;
- during the appearance of buds, mixtures with urea, superphosphate and potassium are used;
- in the middle of summer, complex fertilizers are used, combining top dressing with watering plants;
- in late autumn, when preparing bushes for winter, special fertilizers for hydrangeas are introduced.
"Polar bear" has appeared in our gardens recently. But about the variety, there are already positive reviews from both specialists and amateur summer residents. They believe that:
- This hydrangea is well combined in plantings with rodendrons, because they need the same soil.
- If annual shoots are cut annually, the compact crown can withstand even the first snowfalls, decorating the winter garden along with cereals and astilbe.
- Loosening the soil for it is not necessary. But since the root system of the plant is close to the surface, it is better to replace it with mulching with wood chips, bark. Also, one should not forget about weeding hydrangeas.
- To acidify the soil, it is better to use needles.
- This hydrangea pleases with elegant flower tassels of elegant coloring already in the second year. And freezing in winter, it is fully restored during the season.
Hydrangea flowers of the Polar Bear variety are distinguished by sophistication, a solemnly elegant and delicate color. And the bush of this plant is quite tall, easy to prune and give it various shapes. These advantages can be used to create various garden compositions:
- In a small area, it can replace the central tree, around which you can put flower beds, lawns, tapeworms.
- Under the bushes, you can grow coniferous-rodendron mixboards. This part of the garden will look especially elegant.
- The combination of hydrangea bushes with low bushes, perennials, creeping plants looks good.
- They can decorate fences or walls. At the same time, you can combine them with vines: girl’s grapes, honeysuckle, prince.
- Snow-white bushes can border the hydrangea varieties of contrasting color. Or, on the contrary, to be in their center.
- These flowers look good both on sunny English lawns and in traditional Japanese gardens.
How to prune hydrangea
Hydrangea Polar bear - a discovery for our gardeners. Its unpretentiousness, resistance to colds and diseases attract the attention of many of them. And the gentle beauty of luxurious inflorescences gives a special charm to even the most ordinary summer cottages.