Raspberries refers to the berry, which can be planted at almost any time of the year. Most often, experienced gardeners recommend laying a raspberry in the autumn or spring, as it is during these periods that it takes root quite quickly.
In the spring, raspberries are planted in regions with harsh winters or in the case of late receipt of planting material, when there is a risk of loss of bushes due to the rooting of seedlings. In addition, repair raspberries during spring planting are able to produce crops in the same summer.
In general, spring planting has many advantages. But for their implementation it is important to remember several subtleties, the list of which includes the preparation of the site, the choice of seedlings and the method of planting.
Ways to plant raspberries in spring
In spring, raspberries are best planted with seedlings that have successfully survived the winter in the school, or by the root offspring of aged plants. It is the spring period that is considered ideal in order to propagate the variety you like. There are several ways to plant this culture:
- trench, or ordinary;
- bush, or pit.
Each of these methods has a number of features and advantages that are worth considering in more detail.
How to plant raspberries in spring
Bush planting method
With a bush method, gardeners will have to plant raspberry seedlings in pre-prepared pits. It is from here that the second name of the method came from - the pit method. The depth of these peculiar "nests" for landing is about half a meter, and the width is not less than 45 and not more than 60 cm.
Dig holes at least 2 weeks before the time when you have to plant raspberry bushes. A bucket of humus or good compost, 15 g of phosphorus fertilizers, 10 g of nitrogen and not more than 5 g of potash (calculated for one pit) are brought into the preserved surface garden soil.
Advice! To create a full-fledged fruiting bush, it is recommended to plant no more than 4 plants in one pit.
The roots of the seedlings are evenly distributed over the surface of the soil laid in the pit, and sprinkled with garden soil on top without adding fertilizers and organic matter. Next, the planting needs to be well sealed, following the location of the root neck of the seedlings. When deepening, to save the bush, and even more so to wait from it abundant fruiting, most likely, will not succeed.
In the future, the care of newly planted plants consists in watering. It is also recommended to mulch with sawdust or other material that retains moisture well and does not form a crust - straw and peat.
Trench landing method
Spring planting in a trench way is the most popular method among gardeners. Its main advantage is the creation of a highly fertile "pillow" under the roots of raspberries, so that for many years it can grow and generously bear fruit in one place.
Direct trenches should be prepared at least 3 weeks before raspberries are planted. The depth of the landing pits in this case is 50-60 cm, and the width is not less than half a meter. The length of the trenches, as well as their number, is limited only by the needs of the gardener.
Plant residues in the form of stalks of the same raspberry, sawdust and rotted manure with a layer of at least 15 cm are laid on the bottom of long dug long pits. Top with a small layer of garden soil and sprinkle fertilizers in granules on its surface - superphosphate, urea and potash salt. Next, ash is added to the trenches (no more than a glass per linear meter). The next layer is fertile soil, in which, in fact, the roots of seedlings with a distance between them of at least 20-30 cm (in several rows) will be placed.
Further, planting technology differs little from the bush method. After compaction of the soil and generous watering, it is also recommended to mulch with straw, sawdust or peat.
Planting raspberries with ribbons
The tape planting of raspberries according to the technique of preparing planting trenches is very similar to the trench. The only difference is that the holes are dug much wider - about a meter, and the seedlings in them are arranged not in one, but in 3-4 rows with a distance between plants of 15-20 cm. options for the pattern.
Raspberry garter in spring planting
Summer residents, who have just begun their acquaintance with raspberries and planted it on their site in the spring, doubt whether she needs a garter in the current season. According to experienced summer residents, this procedure is required for any type of raspberry, including remont.
The easiest way is to build trellises, consisting of columns or stakes, dug along the length of the rows at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other. Between them, a wire with a cross section of 0.5 cm is stretched in several rows:
- the distance from the soil to the first row is 30-50 cm;
- the distance from the first row to the second is 70 cm;
- the distance from the second to the third row is at least 40 cm.
It is important to learn how to properly tie the shoots to this trellis. Do this as they grow, not allowing the branches to swing freely under gusts of wind. Firstly, it can harm the shoots and buds themselves. Secondly, when the berries ripen, a large yield loss is possible. It is also important to observe a distance of 10-15 cm between shoots. This will allow the plantings to be evenly shined by the sun and ventilated.
Raspberry care per planting year
The first year after raspberry planting is the most important in terms of the formation of a potential crop in the bushes. During this period, it is important to carry out timely top dressing (especially if refueling of planting pits and trenches with organic and mineral fertilizers was not done). No less important is the sanitary treatment of plants: pest control, removal of dead plants.
Experienced summer residents always adhere to the following rules:
- The first spring treatment from pests should be carried out at the time of growing shoots to a height of not more than 15 cm. It is better to treat the seedlings with a solution of a universal remedy - colloidal sulfur or karbofos. It will help to avoid the attack of insects and tansy infusion.
- To prevent raspberry diseases, you can treat it with infusions of garlic and onions or with drugs with the properties of fungicides and insecticides.
- You can avoid infection and mulching raspberry needles.
- Watering in the first year should be very plentiful, but without wetting raspberry. This will have a positive effect on future crops.
- After the growth of young shoots, the stumps remaining from the mother plants are cut off at the soil level. This will provoke the redistribution of nutrients with their active influx to new shoots.
How to plant raspberries in slate beds
Until the raspberries have grown and grown well enough, it is not recommended to leave the resulting fruits on the shoots. They are best removed until they exceed the size of a pea. This will allow plants to take root faster. Subject to the above rules, raspberries will delight summer residents with large yields of fragrant berries for many years.