In Siberia, potatoes have been cultivated for more than two hundred years. Currently, breeders have developed special varieties of potatoes that are optimally adapted to the weather and climatic conditions of this region, and are also able to form a good crop for a short summer period.
The best varieties for Siberia
To obtain high yields of potatoes, regardless of the region of cultivation, you need to choose the appropriate variety, purchase high-quality seeds and ensure the proper agricultural technology.
Of course, the cultivation of potatoes in the Siberian region, including the territory of Eastern Siberia, begins with the selection of the most suitable variety.
|Name of domestic variety||Grade description||Variety Productivity||Grade stability|
|"Antonina"||Root crops weighing up to 155 g, are covered with a yellow rough skin and have medium deepening of the eye. The pulp is beige with a yellow tint. Starch content not more than 19.5%||Up to 300 kg / ha||Potato Cancer Immunity|
|Baron||Root crops are oval, weighing up to 195 g, covered with a smooth yellow peel with eyes of medium depth. The pulp is beige with a yellow tint. Starch content up to 14.8%||Up to 237 kg / ha||Potato Cancer Immunity|
|"Ermak improved"||Root crops are round, weighing no more than 119 g, are covered with a smooth pink peel, have small eyes. The pulp is white with inclusions of reddish color. Starch Content 12%||Up to 47 t / ha||Average|
|"Ural early"||Root crops weighing up to 145 g, are covered with a smooth white peel, have small eyes. The pulp is white. Starch content not more than 15%||Up to 380 kg / ha||Potato Cancer Immunity|
|Nevsky||Root crops weighing up to 135 g, are covered with a white smooth peel. The pulp is white. Starch content not more than 17%||Up to 350 kg / ha||Average|
Popular and promising varieties of potatoes, which were bred by foreign leading experts in the field of selection of this vegetable crop, are also suitable for cultivation in Siberia.
|Foreign grade name||Grade description||Variety Productivity||Grade stability|
|Timo (Holland)||Root crops are round, weighing up to 123 g, covered with a smooth beige-yellow peel with medium eyes. The pulp is whitish yellow. Starch content at 14%||Up to 320 kg / ha||Potato Cancer Resistant|
|Scarlett (Holland)||Root crops are oval, weighing up to 102.5 g, are covered with red peel and have small eyes. The flesh is yellowish. Starch content not more than 15.6%||Up to 192 kg / ha||Resistant to potato cancer, nematode|
|Latona (Holland)||The tubers are smooth and beautiful, covered with a smooth yellow skin. Cream to yellow flesh. Starch content not higher than 19%||Up to 50 t / ha||High resistance to common scab, leaf curling virus, viral infections, golden nematode, ring and dry rot|
|Freske (Netherlands)||Root crops are oval, weighing up to 132 g, covered with a yellow peel with small eyes. The pulp is light yellow. Starchiness not higher than 17%||Up to 390 kg / ha||Resistant to potato cancer, nematode|
|Sante (Netherlands)||Root crops are oval, covered with a yellow peel with small eyes. The pulp is light yellow. Starch content not more than 14%||Up to 1 kg / bush||Resistant to potato cancer, late blight, golden potato nematode|
The best yield indicators are typical for potato varieties such as Rozhdestvensky, Prolisok, Solnechny, Tuleyevsky, Kolpashevsky and Yubilyar. Knowing the basic description of the potato and its characteristics, it is quite easy to make the right choice of variety.
Potatoes for Siberia: harvesting
Potato cultivation technology
Potato growing technologies used in different soil and climatic zones of our country differ in planting method. It can be carried out both smooth and combed with a row spacing of 70 to 90 cm.
The best precursors for potatoes are winter breads, if organic and mineral fertilizers were applied under them, as well as annual legumes, including peas, vetch, lentils and beans.
Modern technology for the cultivation of various varieties of potatoes in the Siberian region is based on the mandatory introduction of organic fertilizers, which are supplemented with mineral components, which guarantees the most complete supply of this vegetable crop with nutrients. The most effective organic fertilizers are half-rotted manure, as well as peat-borne humus composted mixtures.
Ways to increase productivity
One of the main factors responsible for the formation of a high potato crop in Siberia is the creation of the most loose, well aerated and moist arable soil layer. You can increase productivity only in conditions of optimal depth of plowing, which will provide sufficient area for nutrition of potato tubers and effective hilling of plants afterwards.
Meteorological conditions, which can change dramatically throughout the growing season of potatoes, also have a significant impact on yield. Therefore, it is very important to plant when the soil temperature at a depth of 8-10 cm reaches + 6-8 ° C.
The density of seed material planting largely depends on the moisture content of the soil, as well as its fertility. The early potato varieties, which are preferred when grown in Siberia, form a not very developed tops and are characterized by more compact nests, which allows for a denser planting.
A very good result is the cultivation of green manure on the potato field, which serve as natural soil disintegrants and significantly improve the structural characteristics of the soil. Such plants should be mowed immediately before flowering, about a couple of weeks before planting potatoes. The soil before planting green manure for the winter or spring must be dug up. Before planting potatoes, you can sow colza, mustard, canola, phacelia, oats, wheat and rye.
Potato has long taken a leading position in Russia among vegetable products, and the Siberian region was no exception. Different varieties of potatoes differ in many parameters and characteristics.
Potato cultivation in Siberia
Most often, gardeners in Siberia cultivate potato varieties with white and red peels. Creamed potatoes are more suitable for making mashed potatoes, as they are very well and quickly boiled. But red potatoes are just perfect for frying and cooking salads. That is why in most household plots you can meet not one, but several varieties of potatoes at once.