Strawberries - the famous wild berry, which can be recognized by the characteristic sweet and sour taste and unique aroma. Several centuries have passed since this berry migrated to cultivated gardens, and became larger and less fragrant. Only in recent decades, breeders have made attempts to return the glory of the most fragrant berries to garden strawberries, and created unique repair varieties with small fruits. Such a berry is called alpine.
Features of Alpine Strawberries
Despite the small size of the fruit, this variety of berries has an incredibly strong aroma, as well as prolonged fruiting. Juicy aromatic fruits can be harvested from it, starting from the first decade of June, and ending in late autumn. For normal fruit setting and ripening, remont raspberries need a lot of light and nutrients, because fruiting in waves without them can cause depletion of the bush.
Another feature of alpine strawberries is the ability to propagate by seed. By the way, non-repairing varieties during seed propagation lose the qualities inherent in their predecessors. It is not necessary to purchase them in stores. You can leave a couple of the best berries from the crop and collect seeds from them, so that next year to get seedlings grown by yourself.
The best varieties of alpine strawberries
Currently, there are many varieties of alpine strawberries, which differ from each other not only in the structure of the bushes and in the size of the berries, but also in their color. Lovers of anything unusual can grow a white or yellow berry, which will look great in jams along with classic red. In addition, alpine strawberries can be mustachioed or bezess, early and late.
When choosing a variety, summer residents often pay close attention to the appearance of the berries, but with remontant alpine strawberries it is better to focus it on such characteristics as winter hardiness and exactingness to light and heat. Not every variety can take root in Russian cottages, but the following have proven to be the best:
|Grade||Ripening period||Berry Weight, g||Fruit color||Other characteristics|
|Rugen||Early||2-5||Red||Bezosusny strawberry, fruiting all summer until the start of frost. Unpretentious hardy grade|
|Forest tale||Early||3-4||Red||A beardless variety characterized by stable fruiting and good resistance to frost and most diseases of strawberries|
|September surprise||Late||12-19||Red||A beardless variety with stable fruiting and excellent taste.|
|White Lotus||Early||7-10||White||The variety is characterized by early maturity and the formation of a large number of mustaches on the plant. When grown in a room on daughter sockets, even without rooting, inflorescences and ovaries are formed. Winter hardiness is average|
|Alpine giant||Ultra early||Up to 25||Red||Blossoms and bears fruit, beginning in late May. Very productive variety with medium frost resistance|
|Zolotinka||Mid early||8-11||Yellow||Very fragrant, mustache-free variety|
|Seasons||Early||4-7||Red||Almost continuous fruiting. Frost resistance is good|
|Alexandria||Early||3-6||Red||A bezusny variety with an abundance of flowers and fruits. You can pick berries throughout the summer. Purpose - universal|
Almost all types of alpine strawberries are small-fruited. Only two of them differ in the large size of berries - "September surprise" and "Alpine giant". Nevertheless, even these varieties have such a characteristic as strong aroma. Despite the large size of the fruit, their taste and smell very much resembles forest small strawberries.
Strawberries: varieties description
Features of growing strawberries from seeds
To engage in seed propagation of alpine strawberries, it is enough to acquire seeds and patience. In fact, cultivating this crop with seeds does not imply a special application of force, however, there are subtleties in this matter:
- The first thing to decide is the timing of sowing. If it is possible to fill up seedlings with phytolamps, you can start sowing from the beginning of February. If this is not possible, you will have to postpone this process until mid-March.
- Next, you need to decide on the preparation of seeds. Some sources mention seed soaking, while others categorically reject it. In fact, soaking is only required for old seeds. Fresh (harvested last season) will sprout without pre-processing.
- The third step is the preparation of the soil, seedlings and directly sowing. The soil for strawberry seedlings should contain 3 parts of sand (not silted and coarse) and one part of garden soil and humus. Peat tablets will be a good alternative to the soil. The capacity for seedlings of alpine strawberries must be plastic, with transparent walls. In such dishes, the fungus will not multiply, which will positively affect seedlings. They are filled with prepared soil mixture or peat tablets, previously saturated with moisture, are placed in them.
- For good germination of seeds, it is recommended to prepare them by stratification, that is, temporary cooling. Moistened containers with crops are placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator for 2-3 days, after which they are transferred to a bright and warm place. Boxes with seedlings all this time you need to keep closed with glass, film.
Subject to all these points, the seeds of alpine strawberries germinate after 1-4 weeks.
Important! Alpine strawberry seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil. Burying and even sprinkling them with a thin layer of sand is not recommended. Because of its size, the seedlings simply do not have enough strength to break out through the soil layer.
Seedling seedlings: rules for care
At the initial stage of development, alpine strawberry seedlings need only regular watering, warmth and light. It is better to moisten seedlings from a sprayer, so as not to erode the soil at the roots of strawberries. Temperature indicators in the first two weeks after mass shoots should not fall below 25 degrees. It is also recommended to light up seedlings from 23 p.m. to 6 a.m. Under these conditions, the seedlings will turn out healthy.
When two true leaves are formed on plants, it is recommended to plant it in pots. This time the soil mixture is made more fertile, replacing 2 parts of sand with leafy soil and humus in equal proportions. At this time, plants can be sprayed with growth stimulants (Epin, for example) to increase their resistance to stress.
Also, before planting seedlings in the ground, it is recommended to arrange small “workouts” for Alpine strawberries - put it in fresh air at a temperature of no more than 20 degrees per hour, and then bring it back into the room. Thus, seedlings will get used to both the sun and temperature extremes.
After reading the corresponding article on our resource, you can also learn about the technology of growing strawberries in barrels.
Strawberry care after planting in the ground
The time for planting in the soil varies depending on the region. So, in the middle lane this is the beginning or middle of June. The main thing is that there is no risk of return frosts. After planting seedlings in open ground, care also consists of regular watering. In addition, they are periodically combined with top dressing with organic or complex fertilizers for berry crops.
The first 1-2 weeks, it is recommended to shade the plantings with covering material, and at night protect it from the cold with a film (or, again, leave covering material in the garden). To avoid drying out of the soil and the formation of a crust on it, it is worth thinking about mulching. It is recommended to use crushed peat or well-rotted manure, better sifted. It will also serve as fertilizer.
You need to feed a young plantation often:
- Before the first inflorescences appear, alpine strawberries are fed with mullein infusion (1 to 8) and ashes at the rate of 250 g per 10 liters of water. Spend this amount of fertilizing is necessary for 5 linear meters of beds.
- With the beginning of the laying of flower buds, plantings are fed with micronutrients containing boron, zinc and manganese. It is bred in the ratio of 2 g per bucket of water. The solution is sprayed with plantings after sunset.
Watering and top dressing must be accompanied by loosening the topsoil and a small hilling of bushes (it is important not to fall asleep in the central kidney). With the onset of the first cold weather, beds with alpine strawberries are mulched with a thick layer (at least 5 cm) of humus and peat, or dry sawdust.
Alpine strawberries are affected by the same pests as its other varieties. The most common in young plantings are nematodes, weevil, leaf beetle and ticks. Fighting them will determine how good yields will plant in the coming years.
|Pest||How to fight||Prevention of occurrence|
|Nematode||It is impossible to fight this microscopic worm. The only way to keep planting is to destroy infected plants||Warming the soil before planting with boiling water (at least holes), planting healthy seedlings and crop rotation|
|Leaf beetle||Processing plantings with infusions of bitter herbs (wormwood or tobacco) three times with an interval of a week||Regular weeding and loosening of beds, especially closer to autumn|
|Weevils||Infusion processing of mustard, wood ash or tansy, manual collection of adults||Deep digging, harvesting plant debris and weeds|
|Ticks||Heating seedlings in hot water, chemical treatment||Cleaning the beds from weeds, autumn mowing of tops and burning|
In addition to these folk remedies for pest control, you can use a variety of chemicals, but only before the flowering of strawberries. For example, Actellik not only kills pests available on plantings, but also scares them away from young plants.
The secrets of growing strawberries
Alpine strawberries, despite the exotic name, are actually familiar to Russian gardeners for a long time. Growing it from seeds is a great way to get absolutely healthy seedlings while maintaining varietal qualities.