Pear "Rainbow" is one of the most popular varieties among gardeners of the Urals. This variety was obtained by specialists of the GNU YUUNIIPOK as a result of work carried out on crossing a pear seedling 41-15-9 with the famous variety "Forest Beauty".
Despite the fact that the Rainbow Pear was bred more than twenty years ago, Today this variety is considered one of the best for cultivation in regions with difficult soil and climatic conditions. A pomological description of the variety was given in 1989 by the author, the famous breeder E. A. Falkenberg.
Characterization and description of the variety
The Rainbow pear grafts very well and grows on the seedlings of the Ussuri pear. Trees are formed winter-hardy and high-yielding. Plants bear fruit in the fourth year. Productivity is growing as soon as possible.
Fruits of medium and large sizes. The mass of a commodity pear is about 135-140 g. Ripening occurs in the third decade of August. Ripe flesh is very juicy and sweet, dessert taste. The fruits have an excellent presentation, but the presence of a thin peel makes the transportation of the crop quite problematic.
The variety is not affected by a pear gall mite, as well as scab. It has increased resistance to bacterial burns. The advantages of the variety should also include high productivity. However, according to the observations of gardeners and summer residents, in the dry season, a decrease in the mass of fruits is often observed.
It should be noted that the pear of the Rainbow variety is a very good and effective pollinator for many varieties of this culture that are popular and in demand among amateur gardeners.
How to plant a pear seedling
Features of agricultural technology
Despite the fairly unpretentiousness, pear variety "Rainbow" for high productivity needs proper care and compliance with the following agrotechnical requirements:
- planting is recommended for two-year-old seedlings, which can be planted not only in spring but also in autumn;
- the soil for planting pear seedlings should be loose in order to provide the plant's root system with good air circulation, as well as properly fertilized;
- the soil composition on the site for planting garden plants must necessarily include sand and a small amount of clay;
- the site for planting the pear should be well-lit by the sun, with sufficient protection from the wind and the lack of proximity of groundwater;
- the root neck of a pear seedling, or the place of transition from the trunk to the root system of the plant, should be located about 5-6 cm above the soil level;
- immediately after planting, plants must be watered in order to compact the soil and ensure optimal moisture conditions in the soil.
Further care of the plant is the implementation of regular irrigation, after which shallow loosening of the soil is carried out, as well as the application of fertilizers and mulching of the trunks.
It is very important to conduct systematic inspections of plants and use effective means to protect trees from major diseases and pests. Regular pruning is done to increase yields and maintain the productive ability of pears.
Harvest dates and storage rules
Pear "Rainbow" refers to the popular summer varieties that form the crop as soon as possible. It is difficult to name the exact time of harvest ripening, since it depends on weather and soil conditions, as well as the features of caring for fruiting trees.
The fruits always ripen amicably and almost simultaneously. The main sign of complete ripening is yellowing of the pear skin, while the seeds remain white. It is recommended that the fruit be picked green and then ripened in a cool room for several days. As a result, hard pears become softer, and the flesh acquires the necessary juiciness, tenderness and a pleasant sour-sweet taste.
It is necessary to store ripened fruits in the refrigerator, where at a temperature of about + 2 ° C the fruits do not lose their taste for two weeks. Longer storage is impractical: the fruits deteriorate and darken.
The pear variety "Rainbow" belongs to the category of dessert, and the fruits can be used both fresh and for preservation.
Reviews and recommendations of gardeners
Pear "Rainbow" refers to early varieties, which makes it very popular and promising for home gardening. Low self-fertility indicators of the variety suggest planting of pollinators, among which the pear varieties Severyanka, Krasulya and Skazochnaya should be noted.
According to many experienced gardeners, leached chernozems with average density values are very suitable for planting this pear variety. The best location of garden plantings for relief is the middle or upper third of the gentle slopes.
How to prune a pear seedling after planting
Experts recommend that when cultivating the Rainbow variety, special attention is paid to the implementation of competent and timely pruning of fruit stands. Standard pear pruning up to three years is of a formative nature, and then the main emphasis is on sanitary pruning. As a result of proper care, the plant will be healthy and fruitful.