Generative, partenocarpic cucumber "Spino f1" from the Dutch producer, the company "Syngenta", is a promising new vegetable garden crops.
The hybrid form "Spino f1" is a super-early ripening period. Less than one and a half months pass from the period of emergence of seedlings to the harvesting stage. The hybrid is resistant to low light. Partenocarpic hybrid form is recommended for cultivation in the conditions of the first and second turns when cultivated in protected ground.
Bushes are characterized by a generative type of development, they have short internodes and medium-sized leaf plates, which allows the plant to form a significant amount of ovaries in the conditions of using a low-pallet construction.
The presence of a minimum number of lateral shoots in combination with a bouquet type of flowering and the formation of about five ovaries in the sinuses contribute to a very rapid build-up of pickles. In addition, there were no failures in productivity.
The fruits are uniform in size and have an average length of 12 to 14 cm. The surface of the fruit is coarse-humped. The color of the peel is dark green, without stripes or spots. The pulp has an excellent taste, without bitterness. The fruits can be used for the purpose of realization. Harvest is great for salads and processings, including pickling. When the fruits outgrow the barrel-shaped form is absent, an aligned, cylindrical shape is maintained.
How to plant cucumber seeds
Advantages and disadvantages
The hybrid novelty “Spino f1” is characterized by the presence of the following advantages, due to which it can be classified as promising:
- high yield potential;
- concentrated fruit return;
- high early plant productivity;
- increased total yield from the sown area;
- high-quality appearance;
- excellent taste indices;
- duration of storage of harvested fruits;
- excellent indicators of transportability;
- irregular collection does not adversely affect the appearance of the fruit.
The hybrid form is characterized by high resistance to defeat by such dangerous cucumber diseases as the cucumber mosaic virus, olive spotted pumpkin, powdery or southern dew. Average resistance is observed to vascular yellowing of the fruit. The generative type of development of the hybrid form requires control of the number of ovaries, and neglect of this requirement often causes them to fall.
The early ripening cucumber "Spino f1" can be grown by direct sowing of seeds in soil heated to optimal temperature, adhering to the following recommendations:
- the seed material sold by companies such as "New Seeds" has already undergone high-quality treatment with the highly effective fungicidal preparation "Tiram" and does not need heating and pre-soaking, which is very convenient for gardeners;
- the timing of direct sowing of seeds should be determined primarily by temperature indicators and soil moisture parameters in the ridges;
- seed material is sown on ridges of open ground when warming up the soil to 15-18 ° C;
- hybrid cucumbers react poorly to thickened sowing, and under such conditions, plants have poor development of late fruiting lashes;
- depending on the method of growing furrows or planting holes for cucumbers should be filled with a mixture, which must include peat, rotted manure, sand and high-quality mineral fertilizers;
- wells or furrows filled with a nutrient mixture should be abundantly poured with water heated to 25 ° С;
- when sowing dry seeds, one should adhere to a sowing depth of 1.5-2.5 cm;
- Cucumber crops must be mulched with a mixture based on peat or rotted manure, and then covered with a film.
When hybrid early-ripe cucumbers are cultivated in glazed, film or polycarbonate greenhouses and tunnels, sowing of seed material can be carried out already in the first decade of May, following the standard scheme.
Seedling method of planting
Planting seeds of hybrid cucumbers "Spino f1" on seedlings is not difficult even for inexperienced gardeners and is carried out in compliance with the following agrotechnical methods:
- The best soil substrate for sowing seed material in seedlings is light soil, the basis of which is represented by high peat. Such a composition must be manufactured and seasoned with complex fertilizers;
- two days before sowing, it is recommended to disinfect the soil from root rot pathogens by means of tableted glyocladin;
- immediately before sowing, water-charging irrigation of soil is carried out in seedlings;
- deepening under the seeds is done at the rate of 1.5 or 2 cm, followed by laying the seeds and sprinkling them on top with a nutritious soil mixture;
- in order to protect the topsoil from the formation of a soil crust that does not allow air and moisture to pass, it is advisable to cover the crops for the first time with a film or plexiglass,
- when group sowing in a common planting capacity, picking of seedlings is recommended after the first true leaflet appears;
- high-quality seedlings have an elongated sub-cotyledonous knee, the height of which does not exceed five centimeters, and have large, equally developed cotyledons;
- when diving, one should deepen the seedlings to cotyledonous leaves, which will form a more powerful root system and improve plant nutrition;
- in order to protect the seedlings from premature stretching and overgrowing, it is necessary to maintain a stable soil soil moisture, and also observe the temperature regime of the soil at 22 ° C.
The optimum temperature regime at the stage from sowing seeds to seedlings is 26 ° C. After emergence, the air temperature should be lowered to 22 ° C during the day and not more than 18 ° C at night. From mid-May, it is already possible to plant 20-25-day hardened seedlings, which by this time should have 3-5 real leaves. The optimal planting density during cultivation of the "Spino f1" hybrid should be on the order of 2.3-2.5 plants per square meter.
There is a special agricultural technology of cucumbers in open and protected ground, compliance with which contributes to obtaining high and high-quality crops. Cucumber "Spino f1" can be cultivated both in open ground and in greenhouses or greenhouses.
The main measures for the care of cucumbers consist in periodic abundant watering, fertilizing, the amount and composition of which should correspond to the vegetative phase of the plant, loosening the soil and hilling bushes, as well as in tying cucumbers to low trellises. To improve productivity on each bush should be rationing the number of cucumber ovaries and leave no more than 20 fruits.
To protect cucumbers from diseases and pests, you can use both contact and systemic chemicals. The most effective are Binoram, Gamair, Fitosporin-M, Thanos water-dispersible granules, Ordan and Kurzat wettable powders, as well as Abiga-Peak aqueous suspension or copper chloride.
How to care for seedlings of cucumbers
Reviews of gardeners
The very early partenocarpic hybrid cucumber "Spino f1" is a novelty that only gardeners and small farmers in Russia can only look at. The hybrid is declared by the breeders as promising, and the description suggests that soon the "Spino f1" will be very popular among gardeners and will be able to greatly squeeze less productive and already obsolete varieties or hybrids of cucumbers on private household farms.