The pear variety Permyachka belongs to the summer category. Bred by L. A. Kotov, a breeder, as a result of hybridization of the “Tyoma” variety and the form based on the “Elena” and “Cosmic” varieties.
Description and characteristic
Pear "Perm" forms a rather tall plant, which is characterized by a fast growth rate. The tree has a wide pyramidal or almost rounded crown. The fruits are large. The average weight of a ripened pear varies from 140 to 160 g, and with proper care, the weight of the fetus reaches 260-280 g. The surface of the fruit is tuberous, with pronounced ribbing. The shape is closer to pear-shaped or conical. The main color is light yellow, and the integumentary color is expressed in a small blush of orange. The pulp is white, with a pronounced fine-grained texture, quite juicy and tender. The taste of acid is almost completely absent.
The period of removable fruit maturity falls on the last decade of August or the beginning of September and may vary slightly depending on weather conditions in the growing region. Description of the Permyachka pear variety declares the need for planting near the pollinator, namely pear trees of the Severyanka variety.
It is recommended that the Permyachka pear be planted in two-year-old, well-developed seedlings that can be planted on the prepared plot not only in spring but also in autumn. Autumn planting is carried out in the first half of October, and spring planting should be carried out in the last decade of April. More often, gardeners practice spring laying of garden plantings. For planting in the spring, pits need to be prepared before the onset of the first frosts, around October or November.
Optimal for growing pears is a site with sandy and loamy soils. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic. Unsuitable for cultivation of lowland pears, where cold air masses stagnate.
How to plant a pear
The entire area reserved for the planting of fruit seedlings should be dug deep, and organic and mineral fertilizers must also be added. Landing is carried out in accordance with the following rules:
- the standard size of the landing pit, depending on the volume of the root system, can vary from 60 to 80 cm;
- the depth of the landing pit on heavy and clay soils should be at least 0.9-1 m, and on fertile and peat soils it is enough to adhere to a depth of 70-80 cm;
- a mixture consisting of a pair of buckets of humus, a pair of buckets of sand, a glass of superphosphate, a couple of spoons of potassium sulfate and garden soil should be put into the pit;
- Before planting a seedling, a wooden support should be installed in the southern part of the pit, to which a young plant is first attached for the vertical direction of growth;
- the root system in the planting pit should be carefully straightened, and the seedling itself should not be too deep in the ground.
After planting, seedlings should be watered at the rate of a pair of buckets for each plant. For irrigation in the near-stem circle, it is recommended to make a special hole with a diameter of not more than 20-25 cm. It is advisable to mulch peat after watering. The standard layer of mulch is not more than 8-10 cm.
To properly feed, you should take into account the area of the trunk circle of the pear, which increases annually. In plants under the age of 4 years, the feeding area is 5 square meters. m. For plants aged 6-8 years, the amount of fertilizer is calculated based on a nutritional area of 10 square meters. m. Fruit tree over 8 years old needs 20 square meters. m. food area.
For the full development and increase of productivity, the Perm pear pear should be fed systematically:
- spring dressing is carried out by peat, compost, manure and humus, which enrich the soil with nutrients and have a beneficial effect on the state of the soil;
- You can prepare the dressing yourself, given that the optimal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium is 3: 1: 4;
- organics are perfect for pear trees, slurry and mullein, which can be used without prior fermentation, but must be diluted with settled water in a ratio of 1: 5;
- Feeding with phosphate fertilizers in the form of phosphate rock or superphosphate, as well as potassium top dressing with potassium sulfate, is effective.
It is very important to remember that timely top-dressing of a pear after flowering is a necessary measure that helps to improve the quality of fruits.
Reviews of summer residents
Gardeners speak of the Permyachka variety quite positively and characterize it as having good yield and early maturity. The fruiting plant enters from the third or fourth year of life.
How to prune a pear
The average yield indicators under favorable soil and climatic conditions are about 30-32 kg per adult tree. In general, this variety, according to summer residents, shows itself well in home gardening and has sufficient winter hardiness to grow it in central Russia.