The selection of beet varieties for the Siberian region is currently very diverse. The main condition for growing a high crop of high-quality root vegetables of this useful popular vegetable crop is the correct selection of the variety, as well as the observance of all cultivation processes, including planting, care and timely harvest.
The main criteria for choosing a variety
Despite the fact that the soil and climatic conditions of Siberia are not very favorable for agriculture, the cultivation of such a relatively unpretentious vegetable crop, like beets, is not particularly difficult for gardeners. In this region, the cultivation of most fodder, vegetable crops, as well as potatoes is very well managed.
When choosing a variety, it is recommended to give preference to regionalized, adapted to growing in the zone of risky farming, cold-resistant and unpretentious varieties of table beets.
Numerous domestic beet varieties have huge advantages, as Russian breeders have focused on increased adaptation rates and excellent survival of the vegetable crop even in the most adverse weather conditions.
In terms of ripening, all varieties of table beets are divided into early ripening, mid-ripening and late ripening. Regardless of the length of the growing season, varieties adapted for cultivation in the Siberian region have excellent cold resistance.
When and how to plant seeds
The preparation of the soil on the site, as well as the sowing of seeds and the maintenance of such a vegetable crop as beets, require the gardener to know her basic biological characteristics and standard needs in the cultivation process. In order for the seeds to germinate better and faster, they must first be soaked in water at room temperature a few days before sowing.
The key to plentiful harvests is the location of ridges with beetroot in sunny, well-lit areas. For beets, you can not use areas represented by too acidic and waterlogged soils. The optimum soil should be loamy, rich in organic matter. Before sowing, the ridges should be dug up, the whole complex of basic fertilizers should be added, and if necessary, lime or a small amount of dolomite flour should also be added.
You can plant beetroot directly by sowing seeds on ridges or seedlings. Direct sowing of seed material implies a single-line layout of plants with a standard row spacing of 0.4-0.45 m or two-line sowing of 0.25 m between rows and 0.5 m between the ribbons themselves. It is necessary to close prepared seeds to a depth of no more than 3-4 cm. An excellent result is noted when mulching with organic matter between rows.
Seedling method is designed for planting seeds in a greenhouse or at home. In this case, a nesting method of sowing is used, involving the placement of three or four seeds in each well, followed by thinning seedlings. When growing seedlings of this vegetable crop, it is very important to observe the temperature regime, as well as to carry out timely dressing and watering of plants.
How to plant beets
Description of the best varieties
In the variety of varieties that are currently represented by manufacturers, it is very difficult to identify the highest quality and best varieties. Nevertheless, there are certain indicators and characteristics that make the variety more popular and popular among gardeners.
Very often, gardeners and vegetable growers of the Siberian region give preference to early ripening varieties, which allows you to get maximum yield with minimal time and effort to grow a vegetable crop.
|"Egyptian flat"||Dark red, with a diameter of 6.5-12.5 cm, flat in shape. The mass of marketable root crops is 305-524 g||Very juicy and tender, dark red, with a pronounced purple tint||5-8.3 kg per square meter of landings|
|Siberian flat||Red, with a purple tint, flat, weighing at least 195-350 g||Juicy, delicate, excellent taste||High|
|"Gribovskaya flat A-473"||Flat-shaped, weighing 162-410 g||Pink-red, with a purple tint. The taste is high||30-57 t / ha|
|"Pushkin flat A-473"||Flat, smooth, weight-aligned||Delicate, dark red, with a purple tint||High|
|"K-249" Flat Polar "||Flat, with a smooth surface, the skin color is dark or black-red, with a purple tint||High palatability, very juicy pulp with a high content of carotene||High|
No less popular are the so-called mid-ripening varieties and hybrid forms of beets, which, despite adverse weather conditions, have time to fully mature in a short summer and delight gardeners with high yields of downy root crops.
|"Bravo"||Maroon, round, half immersed in soil, weighing 203-652 g||Dark red, juicy, tender, sugar||3-8 kg per square meter|
|"Mulatto"||Maroon, round, with a purple axial root, weighing 162-352 g||Red, without cylindrical rings, delicious||258-447 kg / ha|
|"Pablo F1"||Beautiful, with a diameter of 10-15 cm, rounded, weighing 118-455 g||Dark red, with a purple tint, juicy and tender||6-7.5 kg per square meter|
|Rocket||Cylindrical, weighing at least 300 g||Bright, without rings, tender and very juicy.||5.5-7kg per square meter|
|"Cylinder Vital"||Dark red, with a diameter of 3.5-6 cm, cylindrical, weighing 215-455 g||Dark red, juicy, without white veins, very tasty and tender||3.8-5.7 kg per square meter|
For winter sowing and early harvest in the climatic conditions of Siberia, it is recommended to grow such well-established varieties as "A-474 Podzimnaya" and "Cold-resistant-19".
Recommendations and reviews of gardeners
A variety of soil and climatic conditions in the areas where various vegetable crops are spread, including table beets, causes significant differences in the use of fertilizers for vegetable plants, as well as in crop rotation.
Especially popular in the mentioned region is the Egyptian flat beet variety. Reviews of gardeners characterize it positively, according to experts, this variety is very responsive to the timely application of potash fertilizers and wood ash.
The beetroot "Podzimnaya A-474" is in great demand in the region. Root crops are rounded, with a smooth surface, maroon color. The average weight of marketable root vegetables is not lower than 230 g. The taste of pulp is excellent. The variety has proven itself in the implementation of early spring and winter crops, it is also suitable for long-term storage, throughout the winter period.
How to grow beets
Especially appreciated by Siberian vegetable growers are varieties with high cold resistance, suitable for winter crops, resistant to flowering and diseases, with high keeping quality of the already harvested crop.