Pear "Kiffer" refers to the autumn varieties of fruit crops that are popular in our country. This variety was bred in the USA, and its description was obtained from the originator of the variety "PeterKieffer" back in 1868.
According to unspecified data, the seed material of the Ussuri, or Chinese, sand pear pollinated by the variety Bere Anjou or Williams was used for breeding. The variety is recommended for home gardening in the southern regions of our country. It is quite widespread in the territory of Moldova and Ukraine.
The Kiffer pear is characterized by the formation of medium-tall trees with a pyramidal and fairly dense crown. The main type of skeletal branches departs from the stem at an angle of 30 °. Fruiting is observed on the seedlings and three-year-old wood. For fruiting, planting pollinators is necessary.
Fruits are medium, rarely large, sizes, barrel-shaped, with the presence of tuberosity. Covered with a thick, dry, rough skin, which at the stage of removal has a light green color. The surface of the fully ripened fruits is golden yellow, with areas of irrigation. On the sunny side, a brownish-red blush may be present.
The flesh is yellowish, with a white tint, very juicy and sweet, somewhat rough. The taste is satisfactory, with a specific flavor. The period of removable fruit ripeness falls on the last days of September. When harvested, the harvest is stored until December.
Fruiting occurs in the fifth year. The annual and high productivity is about 200c / ha. The variety is resistant to scab and drought. Insufficient winter hardiness and average indicators of restoration ability make it impossible to grow this variety productively in regions with severe winters.
Pear: variety selection
Rules for choosing seedlings
It’s not easy to buy high-quality seedlings of Kiffer pear. Planting material distributed by garden nurseries meets all the necessary requirements. Things are somewhat more complicated with seedlings of fruit trees, which are sold by private firms and amateur gardeners.
Pear "Kiffer" must be planted immediately in a permanent place, since this fruit plant is too difficult to tolerate the transplant. It should be remembered that planting this variety in regions with severe weather conditions is impractical.
In the process of acquiring pear seedlings, it is necessary to pay attention to the quality characteristics of planting material. The best survival rate is fixed when planting annual seedlings. Planting material, driven out on a high nitrogen background, is characterized by a lush green mass, but has reduced frost resistance.
The standards for high-quality planting material stipulate the following criteria:
- the height of the unbranched annual saplings should exceed 120 cm, its stem part may have a diameter of 0.9-1 cm;
- the height of the branch of a branched annual seedling is approximately 60 cm with a diameter of 1.0-1.2 cm and a length of the main branches of not more than 5-10 cm;
- the height of a two-year-old seedling should not be more than 60-70 cm with a diameter of the stem of 1.4-1.7 cm and a length of the main branches of up to 20 cm.
Pear seedlings older than three years are considered to be large-sized, nor even the most experienced specialist can guarantee 100% survival during planting.
When planting a Kiffer pear, it is imperative to provide for the joint planting of at least one more variety to increase the percentage of pollination. A planting hole under a pear seedling is dug up with a diameter of 80-100 cm, and the depth should be at least one meter. The pit should be filled with a nutrient mixture at the rate of two buckets of rotted manure or ripened compost with the addition of top soil.
A prerequisite is a mound of fertile soil in the center of the planting pit, on which the root system of the seedling is installed. The roots of the plant should be carefully spread and carefully sprinkled with soil. Immediately after planting, the process of trampling the soil in trunk circles and abundant watering of seedlings is carried out. In order to maintain the stability of soil moisture, it is recommended to mulch.
Gardeners reviews and tips
The pear under the unusual name "Kiffer" is little known to gardeners in central Russia and the more northern regions of our country. Nevertheless, in the southern regions, seedlings of this fruit crop are in constant demand among summer residents and experienced gardeners, according to whose reviews the variety is worthy of attention for its absolute undemanding soil conditions and high yield indicators.
How to prune a pear
In addition, the advantages of this variety include early fruiting and good resistance to the most common diseases. In fairness, it should be noted that the main disadvantage of the variety is not so much the low winter hardiness as the very mediocre taste qualities of the fruits.