Kokinskaya pear belongs to the early autumn varieties developed by the specialists of the Kokinsky stronghold of VSTISP, located near Bryansk. During the crossing, the “Popular” varieties and the well-known pear gardeners from the French selection “Cure”, well known to amateur gardeners, were used as the parent pair.
The description of the variety implies characteristics such as photophilicity and frost resistance. The best is to grow this variety on relatively heavy in composition, but well-drained and aerated soils. The author of the variety is the famous breeder A. A. Vysotsky.
Description and varietal characteristics
The Kokinskaya pear forms a medium-sized plant with a broad and pyramidal crown shape, characterized by average thickening. The plant enters the fruiting stage at the age of five.
Fruits are medium sized or large. The average weight of the fetus can vary from 105 to 205 g. The fruits have a wide pear-shaped shape. The peduncle is long and thick, with a slight curvature. The skin is greenish-yellow with a pinkish-red blush on the sunlit side. The pulp is white in color with a cream tint, oily and juicy texture. The taste is good, sweet, without astringency.
The fruits ripen fully in the first decade of September. When stored in a refrigerator, the taste and presentation of the crop are preserved until November. They can be used not only in fresh form, but also for processing. Harvested crops are characterized by high indicators of transportability.
Productivity is average and increases rapidly with age. The yield of an adult fruit tree is at the level of 85-95 kg. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness. According to experienced gardeners, in the conditions of too low temperature indicators can be observed significant damage to flower buds.
The variety has very good resistance to scab and other diseases of a fungal nature. Adult fruit stands need competent crown formation. The variety belongs to the category of self-fertile, but it reacts very negatively to excessive soil moisture.
How to prune a pear
Despite the fact that the pear variety called "Kokinskaya" is positioned by breeders as highly resistant to scab, as a result of experimental use, higher indicators of fruit resistance and insufficiently high resistance of plant foliage to this disease were revealed.
By means of standard agricultural techniques, it is not possible to fully protect the pear from scab damage. An important role in the comprehensive conduct of protective measures is given to the use of the chemical method of controlling fruit plantations with this disease.
Great importance is attached to the correct selection of a plot for fruit plantations and the timely cutting of crowns. All shoots and branches affected by the causative agent of the disease must be removed in a timely manner.
For prophylactic purposes, it is required to carry out several effective treatments of fruit plantings with such preparations as a 3% solution of Bordeaux fluid, Chorus or Topaz. Treatments are carried out both in the early spring, and at the stage of budding and after the mass flowering of plants.
Prevention of rot damage
No less than scab, problems for gardeners are created by such a disease of pear trees as moniliosis. Monilial burn, undoubtedly, is one of the most dangerous diseases of fruit trees. Fruit rot is caused by the fungus Moniliafructigena, which refers to common imperfect fungal fungi.
Moniliosis, or gray fruit rot, is especially often affected by pear plantations during too rainy summers. Quite often, the disease is transmitted from rotten fruits that are wintered on fruit trees.
The most effective ways to protect fruit stands from fruit rot include:
- collection and subsequent destruction of diseased fruits;
- timely pruning of dead or diseased branches;
- conducting preventive spraying of plants with Bordeaux mixture or with such preparations as Copper Chloride, as well as Topsin-M.
During the harvesting process, it is necessary to prevent mechanical damage to the fruits.
The pear variety "Kokinskaya" refers to dessert, with a mild and intolerant taste. He has good reviews from gardeners and has proven himself in private gardening in many regions of our country.
Rust on Pear: Methods of Fighting
This variety is especially popular with gardeners near Moscow, where, with pronounced unpretentiousness, it produces very high, and stable crops. The presence of a wide pyramidal crown and bright fruits makes this variety a real decoration of home gardens.